Andrew's Notes - Africa-Climate and Geography Most of...

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Africa-Climate and Geography Most of Africa's major lakes are located near a deep trench named the A. Grand Canyon. B. Valley of the Dead. C. Great Rift Valley. D. Rift of Tanzania. Why is it impossible for ships to sail from Africa's interior to the sea? A. Cataracts interrupt the flow of the rivers. B. Escarpments interrupt the flow of the rivers. C. Rift valleys interrupt the flow of the rivers. D. Tributaries interrupt the flow of the rivers. The sources of the Nile are the E. White Nile and Red Nile. F. Red Nile and Blue Nile. G. Blue Nile and White Nile. H. Red Nile and Green Nile. The Sahel is A. very mountainous. B. an area where grasslands meet the desert. C. a narrow coastal plain. D. an area of rain forests. The Congo River A. Flows from West Africa into Central Africa. B. is the longest river in Africa. C. flows through Ethiopia. D. is fed by hundreds of tributaries. The Roots of West African Empires Study Guide 1. In ancient times, the Sahara region had rivers, forest, and lush pastures. Then the climate began to change. It became ____. 2. The change in climate caused the land to become____. 3. As a result of the changes, many of the people moved to the sahel, where it was ____. 4. As a result of the changes, many of the people moved to the banks of the Niger, where it was ____. 5. The Nok people a. where did they live? b. When did they live in this region? c. What resource did they have in this region? d. What did they use it for? 6. The city of Jenne-Jeno a. What were the advantages of the city’s location? b. When was the city inhabited? c. What resources did the region have? d. What products did the people trade?
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The Roots of Mighty Empires Thinking focus: What are some of the ways the early West Africans developed prosperous cities in a landscape with such a varying climate? A Land of Many Cultures Thousands of years ago, a change of climate in the Sahara forced people to move. Some people went to West Africa and lived in the savanna on the southern border of the Sahara. This savanna is known as the sahel. Other people settled in the savannas and rain forests of a more fertile area along the Niger River. savanna : an area of grasslands with scattered trees and plant growth sahel : a strip of dry grasslands on the southern Sahara border; also known as “the shore of the desert” Hamattan : northeasterly dry winds from the Sahara that blow over the more southern sahel/savanna countries Dust-laden winds block out the sun at a Tuareg camp near Tombouctou, Mali. These hot, dry winds, called the harmattan, blast the Sahel region of West Africa for days at a time. Question: Describe the climate and terrain in each of West Africa’s major land regions. Bantu migrations and early agricultural societies of sub-Saharan Africa
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Andrew's Notes - Africa-Climate and Geography Most of...

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