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Running head: BOARDING SCHOOL ESSAY 1Boarding School EssayKenny CeliniNative American History HTY-110-HM-OL04Professor Albert W. Vogt III23November2019
BOARDING SCHOOL ESSAY 2Boarding School EssayIntroductionEducation is one of the most important pillars of a strong society as it plays an integral role in the development of culture. The interconnected relationship between education and culture necessitates the study of education and its influence on culture. By teaching social and cultural values, education plays the role of establishing cultural norms and ethics. Boarding schools form a component of education that has received significant attention and criticism. The origin of boarding schools for Indians can be traced back to the 1860s with the establishment of the first Indian boarding school in Washington. The main aim of boarding schools was to use education to foster cultural assimilation of Indian tribes into the mainstream American culture. As such, these boarding schools taught fundamental academic education, such as reading, writing, and speaking English. By assimilating Indian youth into the American Mainstream culture, the Indian culture would be eradicated eventually and gradually. Boarding schools were designed to teach Indian youth values and principles engrained in Christianity, such as monogamy and nuclear families, material wealth, and private property. Despite the goals of teaching citizenship, boarding schools faced significant opposition. Opponents of boarding schools held that they posed a threat to native Indian culture. While Indian culture is developed around the notion of communal ownership, boarding schools promoted individual independent thinking, teaching individualism as opposed to collectivism. Additionally, parents at the time were not accustomed to being away from their children from extended periods. The goal of assimilation and the struggles associated with it are highlighted by social reformer Henry Ward Beecher and Lakota Chief and Holy Man, Sitting Bull in their quotes. This paper highlights two
BOARDING SCHOOL ESSAY 3famous quotes by Beecher and Bull and analyzes their lives, the meaning of their quotes and the relation of each quote to the occurrences at Indian boarding schools.Henry Ward BeecherHenry Ward Beecher was a child from a family of 12 siblings headed by Layman Beecher, a famous Presbyterian minister who supported and preached Calvinist orthodoxy. In Ward’s life, religion was an integral and ever-present factor as his childhood was defined by strict church attendance, hymn singing, and daily prayer. Since his father observed strict Calvinist orthodoxy values, Henry together with his brothers and sister were forbidden from observing their birthdays or Christmas. Ward made connections between failing to observe Christmas with the constant feeling of not being loved. Beecher’s feelings of not being loved at home influenced his perception of religion as well as his preaching style. He used a flamboyant

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