Planet Earth Final Review Sheet

Planet Earth Final Review Sheet - Planet Earth Final Review...

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Planet Earth Final Review Sheet Planet Earth Final Review Sheet Valley and Ridge – These are the high mountaneous regions of New jersey in the upper northwest. Highlands – southern from the Valley and Ridge area, denoted by mountaneous plateaus Piedmont – Below highlands, we’re in piedmont now. Coastal Plain – South jersey, lots of flat land. Orogeny – Taconic, Acadian, Alleghenian. This is the order they happened, refers to the moving of the land masses to form pangea. Acadian formed Appalachians specifically, Alleghenian was closest to pangea. Half graben – Newark Basin is a half graben, a hanging wall falls at a fault and creates a basin. Ramapo Fault – Caused a half graben. Climate – Average and variations of weather in a region over long periods of time. Troposphere: Lower layer of the atmosphere. Where most of our weather occurs. Consists, most water vapor located here. Denser than the layers above it. Contains up to 75% of the mass of the atmosphere. Consists of nitrogen (78%), Oxygen (21%), and other gases. Stratosphere: Second major layer of the atmosphere. Separted by troposphere. Temperature goes up when altitude goes up. Stable atmospheric conditions caused by the absorbtion of UV radiation from the sun by the ozone layer. No clouds or other forms of weather Ozone layer: ozone within stratosphere where over ninety percent of earth’s ozone redes. Absorbs about 97-99% of the suns UV light. Insolation: Solar radiation received at the Earth’s surface, usually in visible spectrum. Greenhouse Effect: Process in which the emission of infrared radiation by the atmosphere warms a planets surface. When heat tries to leave atmosphere, it gets absorbed by the CO2. Good for Earth, without it the earth would be -19*C. Now it is 14*C Uneven Heating: Since the Earth is curved the amount of energy received by the equator Is more than that received by the poled. Spread energy as you get to the poles, more concentrated near equator Coriolis Effect: Deflects wind and water currents right in the northern hemisphere and
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left in the southern hemisphere. Hodley Circulation: Circulation pattern that dominates the tropical atmosphere rising motion near equator, descending motion in the subtropics, polea and flow 10-15km above surface equatorward flow near the surface Trade Winds: Pattern of wind that are found around the Earth’s equatorial region. Includes Doldrums, Horse Latitudes, prevailing westerlies… Blow dominatel, from north east in the Northern Hemisphere and from the southeast in the southern hemisphere. Doldrums: Area located between 5* N and 5* S of the equator. A.K.A. Intertropical convergence zone, still air, Inactivity and stagnant Horse Latitudes: Subtropic latitudes between 30-35* both north and south. Receives little precipitation and little current. Sailor’s would get trapped unless they lessened their load. Throw horses overboard Prevailing westerlies: prevailing winds in the middle latitudes b etween 30-60* latitude
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course ECONOMICS 101 taught by Professor June during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Planet Earth Final Review Sheet - Planet Earth Final Review...

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