Heart sounds, pulses, and Blood Pressures

Heart sounds, pulses, and Blood Pressures - • How is it...

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Heart sounds, pulses, and Blood Pressures
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Heart Sounds What are heart sounds Web link on the department site Most are not pathological 50-52% of all adults have had a murmur at some point in their lives Part of a normal physical exam
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Naming Heart Sounds S1 Closure of the AV valves S2 Closure of the aortic and pulmonary valves May be split …… When do these come in the cardiac cycle??
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Murmurs Murmurs represent flow past an obstruction Flow and pressure exceeds capacity and creates turbulence May not be pathological!!!!!
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Pulses Pulsatile flow of the blood in an arterial system that has elasticity
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Why do we need this?? Because it tells us about cardiac function Because we use these as vascular access points
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Locations
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Blood Pressure What is blood pressure? What does it represent?
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Unformatted text preview: • How is it measured? • When is the pressure in the aorta highest in the cardiac cycle?? Normal blood pressure Below 130 Below 85 Blood pressure is rechecked in 2 years High-normal blood pressure 130-139 85-89 Blood pressure is rechecked in 1 year, and advice about lifestyle changes is provided Stage 1 (mild) hypertension 140-159 90-99 The high blood pressure is confirmed within 1 month, and advice about lifestyle changes is provided Stage 2 (moderate) hypertension 160-179 100-109 The person is evaluated or referred to a source of care within 1 month Stage 3 (severe) hypertension 180 or higher 110 or higher The person is evaluated or referred to a source of care immediately or within 1 week, depending on the person's condition...
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2011 for the course BIOL 2222 taught by Professor Jones during the Summer '11 term at Kennesaw.

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Heart sounds, pulses, and Blood Pressures - • How is it...

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