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SCAN0031 - CHEM 1212-03 — Dr Koether — Fall 2008 f DAY...

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Unformatted text preview: CHEM 1212-03 — Dr. Koether — Fall 2008 f\ DAY TWO Review Sample Problem 15.2 Follow—up Problem 15.2 Aromatic Hydrocarbons Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylenes. \ \. See examples on page 632 — 633. Jump to page 638 and 639. Functional Groups Sites for chemical reactions are used to name organic compounds suffix -e hydrocarbon -o| alcohol 09 H —amine amine (5,)- N -al aldehyde of 2\ -one ketone e 5:: P -oic acid carboxylic acid C - 0’ l" 8: Alcohols have the hydroxy group (—OH) attached to a Carbon. Two common alcohols are methanol and ethanol. , p 3 Aldehydes have the carbonyl group (-C=O) at the end of a chain of carbons where the carbon attached to the O is attached to an H and another H or a carbon, as well. One common aldehyde is formaldehyde. «3 'SgKetones have a carbonyl group (-C=O) inside a chain of carbons where the carbon og attached to the O is attached to two other carbons, always. An example is acetone. § § Carboxylic Acids have a carboxylic group (COOH or COzH) at the end of a chain. A common example is acetic acid. Hydrocarbons contain only hydrogen and carbon. A saturated hydrocarbon contains single bonds, an unsaturated hydrocarbon contains a double or triple bond. ...
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