Unformatted text preview: CHEM 1212-03 — Dr. Koether — Fall 2008 f\
Review Sample Problem 15.2
Follow—up Problem 15.2
Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, Xylenes. \
See examples on page 632 — 633.
Jump to page 638 and 639.
Sites for chemical reactions are used to name organic compounds
suffix -e hydrocarbon
-o| alcohol 09 H
—amine amine (5,)- N
-al aldehyde of
2\ -one ketone e 5:: P
-oic acid carboxylic acid C - 0’ l" 8: Alcohols have the hydroxy group (—OH) attached to a Carbon. Two common alcohols
are methanol and ethanol. ,
3 Aldehydes have the carbonyl group (-C=O) at the end of a chain of carbons where the
carbon attached to the O is attached to an H and another H or a carbon, as well.
One common aldehyde is formaldehyde.
'SgKetones have a carbonyl group (-C=O) inside a chain of carbons where the carbon
og attached to the O is attached to two other carbons, always.
An example is acetone. §
§ Carboxylic Acids have a carboxylic group (COOH or COzH) at the end of a chain. A common example is acetic acid. Hydrocarbons contain only hydrogen and carbon. A saturated hydrocarbon contains
single bonds, an unsaturated hydrocarbon contains a double or triple bond. ...
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- Fall '08