Part%201%20--%20D%20%20OUTLINE - Part I Overview of...

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Part I: Overview of Interest Groups in the United States D. Bias in the Interest Group System? 1. Introduction a. E.E. Schattschneider’s [EES] (1960) observation: “The flaw in the pluralist heaven is that the heavenly chorus sings with a strong upper-class accent.” b. Kay Schlozman. 1984. “What Accent the Heavenly Chorus? Political Equality and the American Pressure System.” The Journal of Politics , 46: 1006- 1032. 2. Theories of Interest Group Representation and Competition a. Pluralist Theory : The Early Decades (1950s-1960s) (1) Review of Pluralism (a) Groups competitive (b) Access open (c) Power dispersed (d) Multiple leaders (e) Power is noncumulative (2) David Truman (1951) The Governmental Process (3) Robert Dahl (1961) Who Governs? (Response to C. Wright Mills (1956) The Power Elite) (a) Pluralist Study of Politics in New Haven, CT (4) Concluding remarks about Pluralism: b. Theory of Plural Elites : Critiques of Pluralist Theory (1960s-1970s) (1) Assumptions of Plural Elitism (a) Public policymaking is done in closed subgovernments (or “iron triangles”) (b) Many groups are excluded from these subgovernments (c) There is a definite bias in the American political system favoring well established business interests over other groups (d) There is no single power elite in the nation; rather, public policy is fragmented into hundreds of separate political arenas, many of them under the control of particular elites in separate iron triangles/subgovernments (“plural elites”).
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(2) What is an “Iron Triangle”
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Part%201%20--%20D%20%20OUTLINE - Part I Overview of...

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