RU - Chapt 6 - sakai

RU - Chapt 6 - sakai - Chapter 6 Learning Learning...

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Chapter 6 Learning
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Learning The definition of Learning is: a relatively  permanent  change in behavior due to experience.  it is the process of  acquiring  knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values,  through our experience, research, or teaching, that causes a  change  of  behavior that is measurable learning involves changing our behavior in response to  experience How we respond to the environment (that’s called  ___________  conditioning)  How we act in the environment (that’s called  ______________   conditioning) How we observe the environment (that’s called  _______________  learning)
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Behaviorists  are psychologists who insist that psychologists should  study  only  observable, measurable behaviors,  not  mental processes.   Methodological behaviorism Methodological behaviorists study only events that they can  _______  and  observe. They sometimes use those observations to make inferences about  internal  events. Radical behaviorists  believe that internal states are  caused  by events in the  environment, or by genetics. The ultimate cause of behavior is observable  events, not internal states. The rise of behaviorism Jacques Loeb argued that all animal and most human behavior could be explained with stimulus-response psychology . Stimulus-response psychology attempts to explain behavior in terms of how each stimulus triggers a _________________ . Determinism - an assumption that all behavior has a cause and effect The assumptions of behaviorism • If enough is known about an individual’s experiences, influences, and genetics, we can _______________ that individual’s behavior.
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Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov was a physiologist who won a Nobel Prize for his research on digestion. He is the Founder of ____________________ Conditioning Figure 6.2 Pavlov used dogs for his experiments on classical conditioning and salivation. The experimenter rings a buzzer (CS), presents food (UCS), and measures the responses (CR and UCR). Pavlov collected saliva with a simple
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RU - Chapt 6 - sakai - Chapter 6 Learning Learning...

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