RU - Chapt 16 - Disorders

RU - Chapt 16 - Disorders - Chapter 16 Specific Disorders...

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Chapter 16 Specific Disorders and Treatments
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Progress in Abnormal Psychology We have much yet to learn . We now can make accurate distinctions between a wide range of disorders and we can tailor treatments to meet the needs of those suffering from specific disorders.
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Disorders with Excessive Anxiety Anxiety refers to a certain amount of fear and caution in the face of potential hazards . A certain amount of anxiety is normal. Anxiety is considered pathological when it interferes with daily functioning . Major symptoms are fear, anxiety, avoidance behavior , fearful thoughts on what will happen. Panic Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder Phobia Somatoform Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder
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Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is the experience of almost constant and exaggerated worry . There is no basis for the worries but the person is tense, irritable and tired. It is chronic worry for 6 months or more. About 5% of the general population will experience GAD . Often it is co-diagnosed with other mood disorders such as depression. GAD is diagnosed when a person worries excessively about varied daily problems for at least 6 months. People with GAD can’t seem to get rid of their concerns, even tho they usually realize that their anxiety is more intense than it really is. Symptoms : chronic, exaggerated worry, tension, irritable, restlessness, trouble sleeping Treatment : Anxiety is the most common, most treatable mental disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, biofeedback.
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Panic disorder (PD) is characterized by frequent periods of anxiety and occasional attacks of panic . Panic attacks involve rapid breathing, increased heart rate, chest pains, sweating, trembling and faintness. Panic attacks usually last just a few minutes, but can be much longer. It’s sudden attacks of terror, with pounding heart. Usually produces sense of unreality, fear of losing control . Panic disorder is experienced by 1-3% of adults and occurs in many cultures. More women than men are diagnosed with Panic Disorder. People with panic disorder tend to interpret them as uncontrollable and life threatening. Their constant anxiety increases the likelihood of attacks . Hyperventilation , or rapid deep breathing, is a key symptom . Hyperventilation causes the body to react as if suffocation were occurring. The person’s interpretation of the symptoms of hyperventilation can cause an increase in panic or a calming down. Treatments for Panic Disorder include: Psychotherapy Anti-depressant drugs Advice: “Don’t worry about panic attacks; they won’t kill you.”
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Phobias Phobia is the most common type disorder involving avoidance behaviors. A phobia is strong and persistent fear of a specific object or situation – so strong it interferes with daily living . • About 11% of U.S. adults suffer from a phobia at some point in their
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RU - Chapt 16 - Disorders - Chapter 16 Specific Disorders...

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