REVIEW1 - 1. The Golden Age of Personality Psychology at...

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1. The Golden Age of Personality Psychology at Livingston College Recreate the personology approach o all issues to be studied in context of exploring individual lives, personal worlds, histories in depth o mutual investigators using different methods o collaborative integration of findings “Personology” – coined by Henry A. Murray (Harvard Clinic, 1938-1960) Vanished as Murray became older; we able to reappear on Livingston Tomkins suggested that if the 4 (Stolorow, Ogilvie, Carlson, Atwood & Rosenberg) of them were able to get a few more people, they could create a “critical mass” A critical mass would be something compared to a nuclear fusion where intellectuals with a common vision with a diverse background come together and collaborate their ideas. A REVAMP of psych! It was the end of the possibility of a huge shift in RU to more humanistic treatment! The repersonification of individuals in psych again, a counter the to huge influence of the newtonian G. Worldview! 2. Death of the golden age External reasons the professional academic setting, the separateness of the individual colleges Internal reasons jealousy and possessiveness of one's ideas. No one wanted to share anymore thus separating Atwood from Tomkins. 3. Invariant organizing principle (atwood and stolorow) They are the life themes of a person from the theory of personology recurring affect and emotions and corresponds to underlying personality and behavior the invariant consists of 3 elements: o Contempt (side of mouth curls a bit) object is bad. o Smile (false) making nice o Self-bite (biting down on lower lip) I hate myself, depression 4. Unity Thema (Murray) TAT tests Thematic Appreciation Test , study the stories for some kind of pattern and extract the underlying story which gives a clue to the history of the individual Murray; thematic apperception test (story from a picture), study the little stories for some kind of pattern and extract the underlying story, that story gives a clue to the history of the individual a compound of interrelated needs whose history could be traced to early childhood (from Fantasies of Flight) Essentially what Murray did he interpreted peoples responses to certain stories they derived from pictures in order to get a better understanding of their history why they are the way they are essentially
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5. Nuclear Scene and Script (Tomkins) liked to think of personality as a play being staged people are replaying scenes, persons face shows distinct emotional patterns Atwood administered the Rorschach test and video taped her facial expressions. Tomkins had never met her or seen her at all. .insisted that the volume be turned off when watching the video – “I see the invariant” Example: self-bite. ..bite bottom lip with own teeth, the person hates themselves or smile of accommodation/compliance 6. Personology Resurrecting the personology approach: all issues to be studied in context
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REVIEW1 - 1. The Golden Age of Personality Psychology at...

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