World Literature 2

World Literature 2 - Overview of Early History Chinas...

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Overview of Early History China’s Dynasties Chinese scholars and historians view their history in a series of dynasties (periods of rule by a royal family of a given region or state). Time is calculated according to dynasties (4 th year of Zhou, 175 th year of Song) The Major Dynasties Era of “Sage Emperors” o (Mythical first rulers) Xia - 2100 1800 BCE Shang -1700 -- 1027 BCE o Writing begins Zhou - 1027-221 BCE o Era of Warring States o Confucius and Lao-tzu Qin - 221-207 BCE o China becomes unified into an Empire writing standardized Han - 207 BC 220 CE Sui - 580 - 618 CE Tang - 618 907 CE o Hsuan Tsang’s journey Song - 960 - 1279 CE Yuan - 1279-1368 CE o Mongol Rule Ming - 1368 1644 CE o Return to Chinese Rule o Monkey written Qing - 1644 1911 CE 1911 Dynastic Era Ends Shang Dynasty(1700 -- 1027 BCE) Earliest Chinese Writing Oracle Bones scapulamancy - “bone cracking” to divine the future Cow scapulae or turtle shells were the most common materials Bones were read by “diviners” and, often, the royal person requesting the oracl e.
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Oracle Bone Divination Step 1: Ask a question or state a proposition
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World Literature 2 - Overview of Early History Chinas...

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