World Literature 3 - Confucius(c 551-479 B.C.E Confucianism...

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Confucius (c. 551-479 B.C.E.) Confucianism Founder Confucius Contemporary (though younger) of Lao-tzu Decline of Zhou Dynasty (6 th century BCE) Member of the “shi” class of literati Text Analects (collection of his sayings compiled by his students) Confucian Principles The 5 Relationships Society functions as a network of 5 great relationships Ruler/Subject Father/Son Husband/Wife Elder Brother/Younger Brother Friend/Friend Hierarchy in Relationships The first four relationships are hierarchical and necessary to the social order: o The members are not equal o the inferior member has less power and may be dependent upon the other o the superior member has more power, status, and responsibility than the other The fifth relationship, Friend/Friend, is optional and exists between equals. “Do not accept as friend anyone who is not as good as you.” 9.25 Reciprocity in Relationships All 5 relationships are reciprocal both members contribute something:
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