World Literature 4

World Literature 4 - Lao Tzu Daoism (Taoism) Founder...

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Lao Tzu Daoism (Taoism) Founder (perhaps) Lao-tzu (c. 604 517 B.C.E. ??) (the “old master”) Contemporary of Confucius Decline of Zhou Dynasty (6 th century BCE) Texts Dao De Jing (attributed to Lao-tzu, but probably a composite of many authors) Zhuangzi (attributed to Chuang-tzu, but contains chapters written by others) Daoist Principles We should seek and follow the Way ( dao ) to Daoists, the Way is the invisible, indescribable universal natural state of all things We should not interfere with the course of events; instead, we should bring ourselves into harmony with them Action based on our intellect alone is futile because we can only ever have partial, temporary knowledge We must keep our focus on personal development Daoist Cosmology Yin and Yang The Universe is One; however, it is comprised of opposing elements or aspects o Yi n (female, moon, cold) o Yang (masculine, sun, hot) Nothing is either one or the other; all things are both, but not always in proper
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course ENGL 2220 taught by Professor Gilbreath during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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World Literature 4 - Lao Tzu Daoism (Taoism) Founder...

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