World Literature 8

World Literature 8 - Muhammad (570 632 CE) Islam...

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Muhammad (570 632 CE) Islam (“surrender”) * Founder Muhammad ( “highly praised”) · Born in Mecca (570 CE) · Holy City Mecca o Site of Ka’aba · Text Qur’an Qur’an (“the recitation”) is a compilation of Muhammad’s “recitations” of Gabriel’s revelations to him. These were written down by his followers and published as a single book after Muhammad’s death. Origins of Islam · Muhammad son of a trader, caravan manager · Illiterate; orphaned early · (c. 610 CE)Allah reveals His will through Gabriel o Monotheism o Personal responsibility for salvation o Sense of community obligation · (610 622 CE) Muhammad preaches in Mecca o Mecca was a holy site to pre-Islamic pilgrims o Ka’aba was home to 360 idols o Meccan and tribal leaders pressure new Islamic communities and (perhaps) plot to assassinate Muhammad * (622-30 CE) Muhammad and his followers move to Medina · hijra ” is the term for this exile, and the year it began (622) is the first year of the
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World Literature 8 - Muhammad (570 632 CE) Islam...

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