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Unformatted text preview: Monkey as a Novel Monkey is written in vernacular Chinese prose o novel is a late literary form (compared to poetry, epics, histories) o designed for a broader, popular audience than classical literature o Monkey is the longest fictional prose literary treatment of Hsuan- Tsangs journey, though others exist in Chinese and Japanese Monkey retains elements of its origin in the oral tradition o fantastic embellishment of historical events o repetition o episodic Monkey shares with Western literature elements of the epic o scope and magnitude o intervention of the gods o one-on-one combat o magic weapons o rituals and sacrifices Buddhist Elements desire to be immortal (to escape samsara ) begins the spiritual quest o samsara the undesirable cycle of birth, death, and rebirth karma all bad behavior has a cost in future lives o Tripitaka, Monkey, Sandy, Pigsy, and the Dragon-Prince are all atoning for bad behavior Compassion modeled by Kuan-Yin and eventually by Monkey Obstacles to Enlightenment o six robbers eye, ear, nose, tongue, body, mind distract the seeker The Three Baskets o Tripitaka (The Three Baskets) is Hsuan-...
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