Human Developement notes 7

Human Developement - Cognitive Development Infancy and Toddlerhood Click to edit Master subtitle style in Jean Piaget Theory Sensorimotor 0-2 years

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2/10/11 Click to edit Master subtitle style Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
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2/10/11 Jean Piaget: Cognitive- Development Theory Sensorimotor 0-2 years of age. Children learn about the world through their senses. Move from reflexive actions to symbolic representation. Develop more intelligent behavior. Preoperational Concrete Operational
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2/10/11 Cognitive Schemes Schemes Organized ways of making sense of experiences. Adaptation and organization account for changes in schemes. Adaptation Assimilation Accommodation Organization Internal rearrangement and linking together of schemes so that they form a strongly
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2/10/11 Sensorimotor Substages
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2/10/11 Substage I: Using Reflexive Schemes Newborn reflexes The first schemes involve reflexes Infants start learning about the world through these schemes.
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2/10/11 Substage II: Exploring Movements of the Body Primary circular reactions Circular reaction Infants try to repeat a chance event caused by their own motor activity. First accidental, then purposeful EX: Caitlin accidentally made a smacking sound after feeding so she tried to repeat it until, after a few days, she became an expert at lip smacking. Center around the infant’s own body at first Motivated by basic needs.
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2/10/11 Substage III: Exploring Objects Secondary circular reactions Attention turns outward to the _environment________________. Repetitive actions are used to explore the world. Combine primary circular reactions into coordinate patterns. Goal oriented Imitate others’ behaviors more effectively. However, they are not quick enough to imitate new behaviors.
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2/10/11 Substage IV: Active Problem Solving Coordination of secondary circular reactions Schemes are combined into new and more complex action sequences. No longer accidental occurrences… now __intentional________. Goal-directed behavior Schemes are deliberately combined to solve a problem.
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Object Permanence Knowing that something exists even though it is out of sight. Peaks around 8-12 months A-not-B search error After an object has been removed from hiding place A to hiding place B, the infant will still search for the object in the first hiding place (A). Object permanence isn’t fully complete yet. Accurate A-B search occurs between 12-18
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course DFST 1013 taught by Professor Fields-moore during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Human Developement - Cognitive Development Infancy and Toddlerhood Click to edit Master subtitle style in Jean Piaget Theory Sensorimotor 0-2 years

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