Human Development notes 2

Human Development notes 2 - UNDERSTANDING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT...

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UNDERSTANDING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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Scientific Theories Theory: N N Empirically based and testable. N Structured to organize and explain facts. N Gives meaning to facts. N Guides research.
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Theoretical Approaches Psychoanalytic Theories freud erikson Behaviorism/Social Learning pavlov watson skinner bandura Cognitive Theories piaget information processing, developmetal cognitive neuroscience Biological/Evolutionary Theories bowlby vygotsky Contextual Theories bronfenbrenner
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Psychoanalytic Theories Focus on unconscious drives and forces. Most are Freudian in nature. N Freud psychosexual theory Human behavior arises from dynamic internal energy. The __libido___________ is the source of action and sexual desire. 3 structures of the personality or psyche. id ego superego
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Freud- Parts of the Personality Id unconsious irrational and uncontrolled Present at birth. Driven by __pleasure____________ (seeks immediate gratification while avoiding pain and distress). Ego conscious and rational Emerges in early infancy. Source of ___reason___________; based on the reality principle. Fulfills the demands of the id in ways that are ____socially acceptable____ .
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Freud- Parts of the Personality Superego Conscience; internalized moral standards and social rules that adhere to cultural expectations. Develops from 3-6 years. When the demands of society are disobeyed, the superego produces shame, guilt, and fear as punishment. Behavior depends on the interactions between these three parts of the personality
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Stages Stage theory based on how the libido is transformed into different structures and modes of expression. 1)
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course DFST 1013 taught by Professor Fields-moore during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Human Development notes 2 - UNDERSTANDING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT...

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