Human Development notes 9

Human Development notes 9 - Early Childhood Education Click...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Early Childhood Education
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Early Childhood Programs l Montessori l l l High/Scope l Most of these programs are based on ideas from Piaget and/or Vygotsky.
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Montessori l Started by Dr. Maria Montessori in Italy in the 1900s. l Children learn differently than adults l Children direct their own learning (through discovery). l Children choose from structured activities. l Children master their environments l The teacher introduces materials and then remains as a “silent presence” in the classroom. l Activities help children understand complex concepts in a concrete way.
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A Montessori Classroom
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Reggio Emilio l Started by the parents in Reggio Emilio, Italy. l Children direct their own learning l Children learn through doing (movement, touch, hearing, seeing, listening). l Children need endless ways to explore and express themselves. l Parents are collaborators in learning (they are the first teachers). l Environment is meant to engage and inform l Projects stem from children’s interests and last until the interest is gone (usually long-term).
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Head Start l Initiated by LBJ in the 1960s during the War on Poverty. l Run by the Department of Health and Human Services. l Includes the following for economically disadvantaged families: l Education l Nutrition l Health (immunizations, medical screenings) l Parent involvement (volunteers, home visits, parent education)
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High/Scope l David Weikart developed the High/Scope approach in the 1960s. l Mainly an idea, rather than a specific program. l Children are active learners l Children learn by doing (hands on approach rather than a teacher directed approach). l Different centers and learning environments in the classroom. l Plan-do-review l Children plan out what they want to do.
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