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Human Development notes 11

Human Development notes 11 - Cognitive Development in Early...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
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Theoretical Approaches to Cognitive Development l l How children view the world. l l Thinking is guided by social interactions. l Information Processing l Thinking and memory.
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Piaget l Preoperational stage l l Thinking is no longer dominated by motor actions. l l Operations are actions internalized as symbols that can be reversed and coordinated. l EX: A broken cookie does not have the same amount as a full cookie. l l Mental representations of objects and people that can be manipulated in the mind. l Make-believe play. l Dual representation.
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Dual Representation l Dual representation l The ability to view a symbolic object as both itself and as standing for something else. l l Adults can help by providing lots of maps, photos, drawings, etc. and by pointing out similarities to the real world.
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Conservation l Conservation tasks are used to assess children’s use of operations in which children must decide whether a transformed object is the same as or different from what it was before. l Identity concept l Irreversibility l Centration
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Conservation
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Class-Inclusion l Deals with understanding classification. l Categorize based on a __Single_____ __attribute______. l Young children have a hard time understanding that objects can __Fit into more than one l category___ l Examples
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Egocentrism l My perspective is shared by others l Young children cannot put themselves in other people’s shoes. l Three-Mountain Task
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Animism l Belief that inanimate objects have lifelike qualities such as thoughts or wishes. l Influenced by egocentric thinking l Children only see their own viewpoint. l Therefore, they don’t attend to the features that determine whether or not something is alive. l EX: The sun is sleepy so it sets
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Evaluation of Piaget l Piaget was an astute observer l Children go through the stages, and in the same order as he described. l However, he _underestimated_ children’s abilities.
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