Human devolopment notes 3

Human devolopment notes 3 - STUDYINGHUMAN DEVELOPMENT...

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STUDYING HUMAN  DEVELOPMENT
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THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD Scientific reasoning is used to produce:  Objective results (measurable and observable),     Scientific Method 1.  Formulate a hypothesis. 2.   3.  Collect evidence. 4.  
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TOPICS IN DEVELOPMENTAL  SCIENCE What do you hear about in the news related to  children and families? Research changes based on ____________. 1960s- LBJ and the war on poverty (Head Start) We started to realize that basic needs had to be met  in order for children to learn.  Developmental research   Applied developmental research  
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RESEARCH STRATEGIES Systematic Observation   Clinical Interviews   Correlational Studies   Can use multiple methods/strategies in a study  or just focus on one method.
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SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION Naturalistic observations Observe people in their natural settings.   Ideally, you will see people behaving normally in everyday  life.  However, the findings are difficult to generalize and the  setting is hard to control. You can just observe but not really understand _____________  ______________________. Structured observations     Good information received but no deep understanding of the  reasoning behind behaviors.
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SELF-REPORT You report on different beliefs, attitudes,  experiences, etc.  Clinical interview The purpose is to identify how an individual thinks  regarding a specific topic.  This method is very flexible A researcher will ask detailed questions and probe for more  information. Again, good information but accuracy can be a problem.  Structured interview Everyone gets asked the same questions.  Questionnaires and standardized measures Not as in-depth as a clinical interview.
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Focus on one individual and collect information  about various aspects of his/her life.  This provides an in-depth look at individuals. Ex:  Prodigies or savants However, this is difficult to _generalize_to others. This is a big deal… If the results cannot generalize to 
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Human devolopment notes 3 - STUDYINGHUMAN DEVELOPMENT...

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