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Unformatted text preview: PSYCH100 EXAM 3 REVIEW SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY ATTRIBUTION: inference that people draw about the causes of events, others behavior, and their own-People make attributions to understand their experiences and make sense out of their own & others behavior Actor : engaged in act Observer : makes attribution Internal Attribution: ascribe causes of behavior to personal traits/abilities/feelings (internal to actor) External Attribution: ascribe causes of behavior to situational demands and environmental constraints (circumstance the actor is in) Fundamental Attribution Error: making external attributions for their own behavior, and internal attributions for others Self- Serving Bias: when good things happen to you, make internal attributions (ex. Good grade on a test because youre smart) Defensive Attribution: tendency to blame victims for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way (ex. Rape victims are too seductive) What is abnormal? -Happy couples make internal attributions about the good things, make external attributions when they fight unhappy couples make internal attributions about fights, make external attributions about good things SOCIAL ATTITUDES -Attitudes locate objects of thought on dimensions of judgment, positive or negative emulations of objects of thought -Study designed to measure consistency of behaviors and attitudes: Chinese People study - questionnaire: would you serve Chinese people? 90% of hotels/restraints said no brought Chinese ppl to hotels and restaurants, no one refused them service Dissonance Theory: inconsistent/ contradictory thoughts and ideas We will change our attitude to reduce dissonance Cognitive Dissonance: when related cognitions are inconsistent Counter Attitudinal Behavior: go against normal behavior/attitudes to defend your conception of yourself Effort Justification: if you put effort into something you didnt have to, you change the attitude about the outcome SOCIAL CONFORMITY & OBEDIENCE: Conformity: people yield to real/imagined social pressure Obedience: form of compliance where ppl follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority PERSONALITY: Freud: Personality Structure :-ID: primitive, instinctual component of personality pleasure principle (instant gratification) primary physical urges-Ego: decision making component of personality-considers social norms conscious: what we perceive right now unconscious (id): hidden desires that motivate behavior...
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- Spring '08
- Social Psychology