CCJS105 STUDY GUIDE- midterm

CCJS105 STUDY GUIDE- midterm - CCJS105 STUDY GUIDE: Midterm...

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CCJS105 STUDY GUIDE: Midterm Exam SOCIOLOGICAL SCHOOL: Environment -deals with external rather than individual Causes: 1. Social Structure -SES of neighborhood, demographic/census characteristics 2. Social Class 3. Structure 4.Social Organization -informal/formal social networks in neighborhood *Emile Durkheim- father of sociology Severe economic improvement and/or depression STRAIN THEORY: Humans= social beings that follow norms of society naturally compliant Need to be motivated to commit crime -what motivates criminals? TENSION/STRAIN in their life Strain distributed unevenly Merton (1938): Deviance Less opportunity for financial success more deviance Modes of Adaptation (not being able to achieve $ success) 1. Conformity- follow legitimate ways to succeed 2. Innovation- use any means necessary to achieve goals (usually criminals) 3. Ritual- legitimately work hard but don’t reach goal, want to be good role model for children 4. Retreat- retreat from society, deviance without caring about societal goals (usually
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CCJS105 STUDY GUIDE- midterm - CCJS105 STUDY GUIDE: Midterm...

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