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crim2 - Julie Gilbert CCJS105 Section 0103 UID 109367035...

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Julie Gilbert April 23, 2008 CCJS105, Section 0103 UID: 109367035 Paper # 2: Control Theory The concepts of Control Theory and all of its subsequent subheadings are present in two specific articles dealing with delinquency and gender; “Predicting Adolescent and Adult Antisocial Behavior Among Adjudicated Delinquent Females” and “Sex and Self-Control Theory” . Control Theory basically states that since it is human nature to naturally be deviant and prone to committing crime, there are also certain controls that command humans not to submit to the temptation of criminal behavior . Albert Reiss and Jackson Toby discovered in 1951 that delinquency was caused by failure of controls . These can be either personal controls, such as avoiding conflict or delaying gratification, or social controls such as community supervision and/ or influence . An expansion of this is Travis Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory, which also explores delinquent behavior as a result of social control . He states that delinquents adapt their criminal behavior due to the fact they cannot form bonds of attachment, involvement, commitment and belief . This theory has been frequently criticized due to the fact that it banks its conclusion on the idea that delinquents are unable to form social and human bonds . While some aspects of this particular theory relate to these articles, some do not .
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