hist250paper1 - 1 Julie Gilbert HIST250 Section 0101...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Julie Gilbert HIST250, Section 0101 October 15, 2008 Hegemony by nature can take on a lot of different meanings. It is commonly understood as a leadership or dominance of one country or social group over another. In viewing the Conquest of Mexico through the lens of the Black Legend, this definition seems fitting. However, a more flexible sort of hegemony determined the Conquest of Mexico, where there was not just simply cultural domination, but also cultural merging. Many aspects of the indigenous cultures of Latin America influenced the society of New Spain much more than it is normally depicted by Spanish accounts of the conquest. In this way, hegemony of the Spanish over the indigenous cultures was not absolute. Although Mexico is viewed as an area traditionally influenced by Spanish hegemony, there is actually not a complete dominance of only Spanish culture; there are also aspects of indigenous culture that permeated into parts of Mexican life and society during and after the conquest. When attempting to fully understand hegemony in regards to the Conquest of Mexico, it is essential not to think of it literally, but rather in different parts. This argument is outlined in Jeremy Adelman’s Colonial Legacies . Spanish conquest in Mexico brought about large-scale modification to Latin American society, not simply complete domination. As Adelman states, “time lines of Latin American history cannot be reduced to simple linear accounts of cumulative change and evolution” (Adelman, 2). Indigenous culture in Mexico was not simply stifled and forgotten with the arrival of the Spanish. It is imperative to regard the views of the native peoples along with those of the conquistadors, as well as how they viewed each other. It is also crucial to understand that the indigenous peoples were not all from the same tribe or lineage. “The peoples 1
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
of Mexico did not form a single political entity…” (Schwartz, 23). Therefore, they had different views of the conquest and the conquistadors as well as each other. Because the were not a single unified entity, it was harder for the Spanish to dominate them all at once, as their reactions to Spanish assertions of power were different. This difference makes the hegemonic influence of the Spanish even less ultimate. Before the Spanish even arrived in Latin America, the indigenous peoples had thriving empires and societies all their own. “When the Spaniards arrived in central Mexico, they encountered a great civilization with a powerful political and military force…” (Schwartz, 10).
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern