hist250rr13 - economy and materialism They established a...

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Julie Gilbert HIST250, Sec 0101 Reading Response 13 December 1, 2008 Changes in the social climate in Latin America called for a change in leadership. The government now saw that “compliance, not coercion, establishes the authority of the state” and “legitimacy of the state [was] the most reliable basis of political authority” (Scardaville, 503). There was an abundance of labor in Mexico City, more than which was needed, which lead to a decline in wages and more poverty. Extreme population increases lead to much more crime. In response to these changing social conditions, the state established social services such as the Poor House, and tried to increase employment by establishing factories to provide jobs. In this way, it is evident that the state continually sought cooperation as opposed to coercion, in attempt to keep political stability and hegemonic control. The Bourbon state in Mexico governed under the promotion of the
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Unformatted text preview: economy and materialism. They established a large court and police system to keep order. This system dispensed justice and punishments befitting to crimes. However, this system was not exempt from injustices. It discriminated based on social class; for example, police sometimes abused the poor. However, the poor could easily gain access to use of the legal system. For example, the corrupt priest and Subdelegate in Lizardi’s story were subject to jurisdiction of the law for their corrupt actions committed onto poor people. The poor population’s ability to use the legal system provided them with more rights, which fostered compliance with the government, which then contributed to smooth application of hegemony. These 18 th centuries methods of maintaining rule are different from those of earlier years, which used violence and harshness to ensure absolute hegemonic control....
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course HIST 240 taught by Professor Lampe during the Spring '08 term at Maryland.

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