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Ch 7 case and agreement

Ch 7 case and agreement - Partone Casemarking Wordorder...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Part one  Case marking  Chapter 7-Case and agreement 
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Identifying Grammatical Relations Languages have 3 basic devices for identifying  Grammatical Relations Word order Case marking  Agreement 
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Case
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Grammatical case vs. semantic case Grammatical cases used for TERM relations   Nominative:  subject [SUBJ]        Ø Accusative:  direct object [OBJ]          suffix –ye Dative: Indirect object [OBJ2] suffix   -kk ə
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Semantic cases Semantic cases usually used for oblique arguments Semantic case markers in Malayalam Genitive  -inte Instrumental -(y)aal Locative -il  
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Oblique arguments  Oblique arguments can often be marked by pre- or  post-positions  Semantic Case Post-position
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Case marking patterns Accusative Subject pronouns have the same form Transitive: I dance Intransitive: I like dancing Object pronouns are different He likes me. I like him Ergative Subject pronouns differ Object pronouns the same
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Two major systems of grammatical case  markers  S P A S A P INTRA NS TRAN S NOMINATIVE    ACCUSATIVE         ERGATIVE      ABSOLUTIVE ACCUSATIVE  SYSTEM ERGATIVE   SYSTEM
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Split case marking patterns  Case marking is split in some languages  one subsystem (e.g., common nouns) uses ergative-absolutive  case marking while another (e.g., pronouns) uses nominative-accusative
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