PSY_468_Exam_5_Study_Guide - PSY 468 Exam 5 Study Guide...

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PSY 468 Exam 5 Study Guide Legal Decision Making Juror and Juries Criticism of juries The excessive awards of civil juries Incompetent (confronted with scientific eviden, complex cases) Defense of juries Media gives inflated sense of excessive awards In 2005 demonstrated less than 4% of plaintiffs got more than a million dollars as a damage reward Representative juries increase the legitimacy of the process especially in controversial trials More heads are better (and less biased) than one Are Juries competent? Psychologists have examined factors that affect the accuracy of jury verdicts Evidentiary strength: is the most important determinant of jurors’ verdicts in both civil and criminal trials The bad news the jurors are also affected by the extralegal factors (i.e., information that should be irrelevant to their decisions) Extralegal information: Defendant Characteristics What are some defendant characteristics that could affect verdicts?
What victim characteristic might bias jurors’ decisions?
Extralegal Information: Juror Characteristics What juror characteristic might bias jurors’ decisions?
Why are jury decisions influenced by irrelevant information?
Do jury instructions help jurors disregard extralegal evidence?

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