Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice - Chapter1PoliceandSociety...

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Chapter 1 - Police and Society Thursday, January 20, 2011 12:25 PM Law Enforcement Agency 1. A general service law enforcement agency: - prevents crime - Investigates crime and apprehends criminals - Maintains order - Provides many other miscellaneous services Myths About Policing 1. The Crime Fighter Myth: - Enforce the Law - Investigate Crimes - Arrest Criminals **Police do that 20% of the time 2. Perpetuating the Crime Fighter Image: - Entertainment Media - News Media - Polive themselves - Ignores order, maintenance, and peacekeeping The Realities of Policing 1. Complexity of the Police Role - Ambiguities - Discretion **Police officer has more discretion than the superintendant of police ** BEAT = area police officer patrols - Conflict 2. Studies of Police Work - The Police Service Study 3. Standards for Police Work - written by The American Bar Association  American Bar Association, Standards Relating to the Urban Police Function 1. Identify criminal offenders and criminal activity and when appropriate, apprehend  offenders and participate in subsequent court proceedings 2. Reduce the opportunities for the commission of some crimes through preventive patrol  and other measures 3. Aid individuals who are in danger of physical harm
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4. Protect constitutional guarantees 5. Facilitate the movement of people and vehicles 6. Assist those who cannot care for themselves 7. Identify potentially serious law enforcement or government problems
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Criminal Justice - Chapter1PoliceandSociety...

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