Anthro - WhatisAnthropology? 1. 2. 3. 4. Thestudyofhumans

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What is Anthropology? - The study of humans 1. Cultural Anthropology   - understand cultural social interaction between individuals from past to present 2. Linguistic Anthropology  - focus on language between individuals 3. Archaeology  - asking questions about humans from the past 4. Biological/physical Anthropology   - Where do humans come from? Ancestors? Diseases? Movement of human  groups? What is a Human? 1. Cultural Definitions - tap into interactions that humans have.  -culture is learned behavior. We all have culture because we can all learn. 2. Biological Definitions - genetics 3. Spiritual Definitions - capable of believing   What is Science?   - a process used to understand the world which requires that certain rules be followed  - What is the process? - collecting information, looking for patterns in the information, and coming to a  conclusion - What are these rules?    What is a hypothesis? - Is it an educated guess? nope - Is it a conclusion? no - THE ANSWER FINALLY. A testable, repeatable, and correctable explanation of an  observable or calculated phenomena that yields new information about nature in order to  answer questions How is science different than religion?  Is one better than the other? No Is one more real than the other? Of course not - Science is a process that must follow particular rules - Religion requires belief that has no set "rules"  - Science does not seek to "prove" -- it can only disprove - Religion seeks and is based upon a personal belief in "truth" -- no "proving" is necessary
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  o Important Concepts: - Science is a process used to understand the world - It is not the only process - Data does not give answers - Data can be interpreted in many ways - Correlation does not equal causation - A theory (conclusion) is not a fact or a truth - A theory (conclusion) can change - Science does not seek to prove that an answer is correct, it seeks to disprove - Scientific conclusions can be influenced by the society in which they were created Types of Human Cells: o Somatic Cells Different types - muscle, nerve, etc. Functions:
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Waxenbaum during the Spring '08 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Anthro - WhatisAnthropology? 1. 2. 3. 4. Thestudyofhumans

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