JJ's history Paper

JJ's history Paper - Buddhism in Chinese History Buddhism...

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Buddhism in Chinese History Buddhism in Chinese History was written by Arthur Wright. It was published in Stanford, California by the Stanford University Press in the year 1959. Buddhism in Chinese History is 144 pages long and is composed of six lectures. Buddhism was introduced to China from India as early as the Eastern Han dynasty, but it was not until the fall of the Han dynasty that it was received by the Chinese people. There are two main reasons why it took so long for Buddhism to get a firm hold on China: Confucianism and the language barrier. Arthur Wright explores both reasons throughout six lectures. The Buddha was born Siddhartha Gautama, a prince who was raised in northern India. “The enlightened one” taught that all beings are caught in a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. The Buddha’s teachings are laid out in the Four Noble Truths. Several hundred years after the Buddha’s death, Buddhism formed two major sects: Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism. Theravada Buddhism was closer to the original teachings. Both of these forms of Buddhism traveled along the trade routes to China, but Mahayana Buddhism was the form that came to dominant China. When Buddhism made its way to China, Confucianism and Daoism had already had a place in Chinese culture. Even though people came to see all three as compatible, one would offer something that the other two did not. Confucianism was important to politically to the Han dynasty. During the Han dynasty, the social order was basically divided as such: Han elite and peasants. The decaying of the Han dynasty began with a power struggle amongst the Han elite. They were able to manipulate the officials and the emperor. Poverty led to peasant rebellions like the Five Pecks of Rice and the Yellow Turban rebellion. The quarrelling groups of the Han elite organized a military force to put down the peasants, but the peace did not
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2011 for the course EDSE 4070 taught by Professor Becker during the Spring '11 term at North Texas.

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JJ's history Paper - Buddhism in Chinese History Buddhism...

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