Cognitionch3 - + Cognitive Development Ch. 3 Book Notes +...

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+ Cognitive Development Ch. 3 Book Notes
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+ What changes in cognition during adolescence? 1. better able to think about what is possible instead of only what is real 2. better able to think about abstract things 3. able to think about the process of thinking 4. thinking becomes more multidimensional, not limited to a single issue 5. more likely to see things as relative than as absolute
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+ Limbic system – changes in levels of chemicals (dopamine, serotonin) emotional stimuli more emotional, more responsive to stress, less interested in BUT more responsive to rewards seeks rewards but gets less of a rush from them seeks higher levels of novelty, more risk taking limbic system The adolescent brain: What’s going on in there?
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+ Maturation of prefrontal cortex - complicated cognitive activities: planning, decision making, setting goals, metacognition, thinking ahead, weighing risks / rewards, controlling impulses synaptic pruning – early adolescence continued myelination – throughout adolescence not complete until mid 20s prefrontal cortex The adolescent brain: What’s going on in there?
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+ What changes in cognition during adolescence? 1. better able to think about what is possible instead of only what is real Imagine four (4) poker chips: one red, one blue, one yellow, one green. Make as many different combinations of chips, of any number, as you can. Use the notations, R, B, Y, and G to record your answers. (adapted from Elkind et al., 1968) How do you go about solving this? R B Y G
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+ What changes in cognition during adolescence? 1. better able to think about what is possible instead of only what is real Children: here and now; what is directly observable what is possible = what is real Adolescents : what is possible what is real is just a subset of what is possible
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What changes in cognition during adolescence? 1. better able to think about what is possible instead of only what is real Inductive reasoning: vs. … inference made based on accumulated evidence you have Kim, John, Julie, Tom, Liz, and Kendra are hockey players. Kim, John, Julie, Tom, Liz, and Kendra all wear a mouth guard. Do all hockey players wear a mouth guard? conclusions vary in likelihood of being true
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2011 for the course DFST 4133 taught by Professor Bradetich during the Spring '11 term at North Texas.

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Cognitionch3 - + Cognitive Development Ch. 3 Book Notes +...

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