Dooryard+Fruit+Varieties - FC23 Dooryard Fruit Varieties1...

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FC23 Dooryard Fruit Varieties 1 J.G. Williamson, J.H. Crane and R.E. Rouse 2 1. This document is Fact Sheet HS-23, a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date, March 1994. Revised March 2008 and June 2009. 2. J.G. Williamson, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; J.H. Crane, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, and associate director, Tropical Research and Education Canter-- Homestead, FL; and R.E. Rouse, associate professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center-Immokalee, FL, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Interim Dean Millie Ferrer. Many kinds of fruit can be grown successfully in the Florida home garden, including temperate fruits in the northern part of the state and tropical and subtropical fruits in the southern part of the state. Fruit growing is an interesting and rewarding hobby, which provides fresh fruit at the peak of its maturity. Fruit plants are also an attractive addition to many landscapes. Selection of species and varieties is critical for fruit production, as plants that are not adapted to local conditions will generally fail to produce regardless of how much care and attention they receive. Weather is perhaps the single most important factor that determines where fruit crops can be grown. Winters may be too cold for some fruit or too short for others. Still other fruit may suffer from summer's heat and humidity. Consequently, species and varieties of fruits should be chosen on the basis of historical weather patterns. Some considerations of weather are discussed briefly in the following sections. Chilling Requirement Temperate-zone fruits go through the winter in a dormant state called the rest period. Generally, this rest period is associated with a loss of leaves, short days, and weather that is cool to cold. Exposure to cool winter temperatures for a certain length of time is required for proper flowering and prepares the plant to begin active growth again when temperatures are more favorable for growth.
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