Dooryard Fruit Varieties
J.G. Williamson, J.H. Crane and R.E. Rouse
1. This document is Fact Sheet HS-23, a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date, March 1994. Revised March 2008 and June 2009.
2. J.G. Williamson, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department; J.H. Crane, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, and associate director, Tropical
Research and Education Canter-- Homestead, FL; and R.E. Rouse, associate professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, Southwest Florida Research
and Education Center-Immokalee, FL, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex,
sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service,
University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Interim Dean
Many kinds of fruit can be grown successfully in
the Florida home garden, including temperate fruits
in the northern part of the state and tropical and
subtropical fruits in the southern part of the state.
Fruit growing is an interesting and rewarding
hobby, which provides fresh fruit at the peak of its
maturity. Fruit plants are also an attractive addition to
Selection of species and varieties is critical for
fruit production, as plants that are not adapted to local
conditions will generally fail to produce regardless of
how much care and attention they receive. Weather is
perhaps the single most important factor that
determines where fruit crops can be grown. Winters
may be too cold for some fruit or too short for others.
Still other fruit may suffer from summer's heat and
humidity. Consequently, species and varieties of
fruits should be chosen on the basis of historical
weather patterns. Some considerations of weather are
discussed briefly in the following sections.
Temperate-zone fruits go through the winter in a
dormant state called the rest period. Generally, this
rest period is associated with a loss of leaves, short
days, and weather that is cool to cold. Exposure to
cool winter temperatures for a certain length of time
is required for proper flowering and prepares the
plant to begin active growth again when temperatures
are more favorable for growth.
For temperate-zone fruit, temperatures below