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Unformatted text preview: HS7 Pineapple Growing in the Florida Home Landscape 1 Jonathan H. Crane 2 1. This document is HS7, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication1975. Reviewed October 2006 and November 2009. Visit the EDIS Web Site at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. J.H. Crane, Professor, Tropical Fruit Crop Spet, University of Florida, IFAS, Tropical Research and Education Center, Homestead, FL. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Millie Ferrer-Chancy, Interim Dean Scientific Name : Ananas comosus Common Names : pineapple and ananas in English, piña in Spanish, nanas in Javanese and Malay, apangdan in Philippino, and yaannat, sapparot, or bonat in Thai. Family : Bromeliaceae Related Species : bromiliads, Spanish moss, and tillandsia. Origin : Central and South America and the Caribbean Distribution : Grown throughout tropical and warm subtropical areas of the world. History : Pineapple has apparently been cultivated by indigenous people of the tropical Americas and the Caribbean Region for thousands of years. New World explorers then distributed pineapple during the 1500s to 1700s to new areas including Europe, Africa, and Asia. The commercial export trade began during early 19th century from the West Indies. This led to further commercial development of in the Caribbean during the mid-19th century. However, with the improvement in refrigerated sea transportation by the end of the 19th century, production shifted to Hawaii, Asia, and Africa. In the U.S., Puerto Rico and Hawaii have moderately large and important industries. Pineapples are not grown commercially in Florida but are common dooryard yard plants in warm locations throughout the state. The first recorded introduction of pineapple into Florida was in 1860. Importance : Pineapple is one of the most important tropical fruits after mango, banana, and citrus. Fresh fruit production is a major industry in Central America and processed fruit in Asia. Description Plant The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial with long sword-like leaves arranged in a spiral around a central stem and a terminal inflorescence. Leaves may or may not bear marginal spines depending upon variety and cultural practices. Adult plants may be 3 to 6 feet (0.9-1.8 m) high and wide....
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course ORH 1030 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.
- Fall '08