CHAPTER 2 - CHAPTER 2 ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AND ECONOMICS...

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CHAPTER 2: ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS AND ECONOMICS Culture: people’s knowledge, belief, views Worldview: meaning of life o Influenced by religion, community, politics, indv. Interest, economics o Vested interest: indiv. With strong interest in outcome of a decision Ethics: study of good/bad o Relativists: ethics vary with social context o Universalists: right/wrong same across cultures & situations o Environmental ethics: ethical standards applied to human/non- humans/relationships o Utilitarian principle: something is right when it has the most practical benefits for the most people Anthropocentrism: only humans have rights (Gifford Pinchot) Biocentrism: certain other living things have value Ecocentrism: whole ecological systems have value Conservation ethic: using natural resources wisely for people (Gifford Pinchot, Aldo Leopold: shoot predators to increase pop of game animals) Preservation ethic: John Muir: advocate preservation of wilderness Land ethic: people = “citizens of land” and need to protect all parts of ecological world (
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