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Unformatted text preview: Apollodorus (mythographer) Greek scholar and grammarian left, or fled, Alexandria around BC 146, most likely for Pergamum , and eventually settled in Athens lived in the first or second century AD and has written an encyclopedic summary of Greek mythology o summary called (Bibliotheke) or Library, is still very popular as a source on Greek mythology and religion Apsu Babylonian god of fresh water and male fertility; wife is Tiamat in Epic of Creation, Apsu decides to kill all children of gods because they are ill- behaved and cause too much commotion o Ea learns of plan and kills Apsu Archaic Period first period with lots of written text Greece opens up to other cultures, especially Near East o Phoenicians Tyre (major trading fort); traders, travelers, merchants; Odyssey reference to Phoenician traders; set up colonies o Asia Minor kingdom of Lydia; come into Greek culture early; great city of fashion, etc fair amount of technology o Greek mariners met with Phoenician mariners; sailing became part of Greek culture/lifestyle (also in Greek imagination and metaphorical style) medium of exchange o coinage became useful (originated in Lydia) o value of coin depended on amount of precious metal in coin (not like U.S. currency where worth is face value) population growth o Greece is rocky and poor country; not good agriculture system, cannot sustain population growth o solution: colonization send out underemployed men to get new cities (South Italy, Sicily, South France) not organized effort take land that is able to be taken and establish Greek culture art and literature o art becomes more intricate (ex: funeral marker for cemeteries becomes highly ritualized) o create statues idea from Egypt (direct contact with Egyptians during Bronze Age) technology of writing o no more linear B script formation of Greek alphabet borrowed from Phoenicians o add vowels to Phoenician alphabet using written symbols o allows for writing down Homeric poems during Archaic period and other historical content rise of polis o urban areas with agricultural lands surrounding it to support (for farming, etc similar to Charlottesville and Albermarle area) o no real Greek government (until Romans come) instead, have hundreds of independent political units (polis) can make contracts and treaties with each other apolis system no overarching Greek governing system o political disputes development of written law codes Draco straightforward code of law where all penalties were death (extremist punishment) Solon puts together new law code; shadowy existence as person (mythical feature for later Athenians) **signs that polis are growing up o oligarchy small number of aristocrats in charge tyrant lower aristocrat that can overthrow current oligarchy; achieved sole power of polis that is not hereditary (sole ruler) neutral term not necessarily negative meaning or connotation...
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