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View Full Document Right Arrow Icon Immigration as Foreign Policy in U.S.-Latin American Relations Since the early years in their histories as independent nations, the United States and its  southern near–neighbors have been linked through their foreign policies and the  movements of their peoples. In the nineteenth century, the acquisition of the Floridas  and the conquest of northern Mexico by the United States led to substantial movements  of people. Later in the same century, the U.S. conquest of the remnants of Spain's  American empire contributed to the hispanization of the population of the United States. In the twentieth century, U.S. immigration policy turned generally restrictionist. Foreign  policy concerns, however, led the government to permit and even, for a time, to  stimulate Mexican immigration to the United States. Consistent with its policies toward  the Soviet bloc, the U.S. government also stimulated migration from Cuba for a certain  period. These U.S. policies have been supplemented by those determined and  ingenious people who, drawn by the promise of the words inscribed on the Statue of  Liberty, have entered the United States illegally. As a result, the United States is already  the fifth largest Spanish–speaking country in the world. Illegal aliens Beware! America is being invaded by aliens! Not the little, green, Martian type you see in science fiction movies, but the real thing. I'm talking about the illegal type who come in every day and every night, by land and by sea. Estimates have shown that as many as 500,000 illegal aliens make it across the border every year (Morganthau 67). Illegal immigration causes many problems in the United States, including economic problems, crime, education disputes, and overcrowding. All of these problems were already damaging our country and illegal immigration has made them much, much worse. Let me begin to explain the problem with a story. A woman named Xiomara T. escaped Nicaragua in 1991 to escape the violence afflicting her country (Jost, Feb. 3, 1995). She slipped across the Mexican-American border easily one night without papers guaranteeing her legal status which would give her all the rights she needed. She made it into California with no problems from the border patrol, whose duty is to keep illegal aliens out of our country. In California, Xiomara got a job working for about four dollars an hour, even though her employer
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knew she was illegal. A few years later, she became pregnant and Wyatt 2 received virtually free prenatal care through a government-funded public health clinic. Now she receives free medical aid for herself and her child through Medicaid because her child is an "American-born" citizen. When her child is old enough, Xiomara told sources she planned to enroll him in the public school
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This note was uploaded on 02/09/2011 for the course COMP 1110 taught by Professor Helen during the Spring '08 term at University of North Texas Health Science Center.

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