Diet and Substance Abuse

Diet and Substance Abuse - Diet and substance abuse...

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Home > Medical Reference > Encyclopedia (English) Toggle: English / Spanish Diet and substance abuse recovery - Overview Overview Alternative Names Substance abuse recovery and diet; Nutrition and substance abuse Information: Substance abuse harms the body in two distinct ways: The effect of the substance itself Negative lifestyle changes, such as irregular eating habits and poor diet For example, infants who were exposed to alcohol while in the womb often have physical and mental problems. The alcohol affects the growing baby directly by crossing the placenta. It affects the baby indirectly due to the mother's poor nutrition while she was drinking. Recovery from substance abuse also affects the body in other ways, including metabolism (processing energy), organ function, and mental well-being. Proper nutrition may help the healing process. Nutrients supply the body with energy. They provide substances to build and maintain healthy organs and fight off infection. The specific impact of different drugs on nutrition is described below. OPIATES Opiates (including codeine, heroin, and morphine) affect the gastrointestinal system. Constipation is a very common symptom of abuse. Symptoms common during withdrawal include: Diarrhea Nausea Vomiting These symptoms may lead to a lack of enough nutrients and an imbalance of electrolytes (such as sodium, potassium, and chloride). Eating balanced meals may make these symptoms less severe (however, eating can be difficult due to nausea). A high-fiber diet with plenty of complex carbohydrates (such as whole grains, vegetables, peas, and beans) is recommended. ALCOHOL
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Diet and Substance Abuse - Diet and substance abuse...

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