agriculture.lecture

agriculture.lecture - NJ Agriculture: past, present,...

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NJ Agriculture: past, present, future. .....
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NJ Agriculture Considerations: - superior access to markets - high land values - development potential
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18% of NJ land is in farms
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2nd smallest farms in US: average 93 acres (US: 491) - more small farms - medium farms suffering - large farms increasing
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Farmland must be used extremely intensively and productively to avoid the bulldozer
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Success of NJ agriculture: Innovative, open-minded entrepreneurs Shifting land use to respond to changes in: -marke ts - transport costs and technologies - food preservation technologies
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Perishables: the key to NJ agricultural success
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History: Short-lived frontier: till early 1800s - wheat (until Hessian fly), oats, flax, corn, vegetables and orchards - cattle - farms/towns grew together - by end of Colonial period, most of good farmland in Piedmont and Inner Coastal Plain being cultivated
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1800s to early 1900s - better care of land - more efficient, more productive varieties of plants and animals - new machinery
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2011 for the course GEOGRAPHY 101 taught by Professor Vancura during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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agriculture.lecture - NJ Agriculture: past, present,...

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