Pinelands_ lecture

Pinelands_ lecture - Agriculture: organized group farming,...

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The Pinelands Unique ecological (and cultural) region
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The Pinelands
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The Pinelands Uplands: pitch and shortleaf pines and various oaks Swamps: white cedar, red maple Intermediate: pitch pine
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White Cedar Valued Resistant to rot
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NJ Pinelands Fires
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NJ Pinelands Fires May 17, 2007 April 5, 1995
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NJ Pinelands Fires Favors pines Must stay out of crown More frequent the better Controlled burns Major fires: 1755, 1930, 1963
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NJ Pinelands Groundwater 10-17 trillion gallons Cohansey sand formation Renewable resource or just drain the aquifer
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The Pineys Isolated? Inferior? Hardly. 18 th - 19 th century: Anglo-Scottish-Irish Iron, glass, shingles, boat building, paper, hunt, gather wild food, holly, mistletoe, sphagnum moss Limited population by necessity
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The Pineys Southern: late 19 th century Ethnic diversity
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Unformatted text preview: Agriculture: organized group farming, irrigation needed, land cost low Germans: Egg Harbor farms New Englanders: Hammonton farms Jewish: Woodbine farms, German/French: Atlantic County vineyards 1979 Pinelands Protection Act First US national reserve Approx. 1.1 million acres of restricted development 1/3 public, 2/3 private ownership 1/5 of NJ Approx. 330,000 people Pinelands Commission Private land divided into 7 management types Central (most tightly controlled): cranberry/blueberry agriculture, forestry, recreation, fish and wildlife management Pinelands Commission Elsewhere: low-density residential and commercial, resource extraction, agriculture Doesnt cover all of the Pinelands stewardship...
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Pinelands_ lecture - Agriculture: organized group farming,...

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