America in the Machine Age

America in the Machine Age - America in the Machine Age I....

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America in the Machine Age I. The Machine Age A. Technology and Modern Life 1. Background: most of American is dominated by agrarian culture -- the yeoman farmer is the model American (independent and hardworking) a) US lagged behind Europe in the technological arena b) North believed the key to success during the civil war was a great push for better technology -- encouraged the expansion of rail- roads, betterment of communication 2. Inventions and Innovations: transformed every element of society a) allowed for the growth of enterprises and specialization -- allowed for the increased accumulation of wealth -- leads to investments in other areas like railroads, etc. b) 1876: Alexander G. Bell invents to telephone -- by 1880 50,000 phones are in use in the US c) Edison: phonograph invented by Edison d) 1890: Henry Ford perfected the engine for automobiles and the as- sembly line e) Standardization of parts allows for mass production and for prices to decrease. Inventions like the typewriter revolutionized other areas and created new cultures like the “office”. 3. Inventors: a) Thomas Edison: “The wizard of Menlo Park” -- perfected the light bulb and electricity, invented the phonograph at age 30
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America in the Machine Age - America in the Machine Age I....

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