Ch18n19Def - P ( A and B ) = P ( A ) P ( B ) Independence...

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STAT 110 Chapter 18 and 19 Definitions probability model – describes all possible outcomes and says how to assign probabilities to any collection of outcomes sample space – collection of unique outcomes of a random circumstance event – a collection of outcomes Probability Rules 1. Any probability is a number between 0 and 1. 2. All possible outcomes together must have probability 1. 3. The probability that an event does not occur is 1 minus the probability that the event does occur. 4. If two events have no outcomes in common, the probability that one or the other occurs is the sum of their individual probabilities.
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Venn Diagram (not in text): 5. Multiplication Rule: If two events are independent then
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Unformatted text preview: P ( A and B ) = P ( A ) P ( B ) Independence means that the occurrence of event A does not affect the occurrence of event B Conditional Probability (not in text): P(A|B) = Probability that A occurs given that B occurred General Multiplication Rule (not in text): P(A and B) = P(A)P(A|B) or P(B) P(B|A) Tree Diagram: Multiply the probabilities and conditional probabilities along the path you took to get the probability of finishing at that end of that path. simulation using random digits from a table or from computer software to imitate chance behavior sampling distribution tells what values a statistic takes in repeated samples from the same population and how often it takes those values...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course STAT 110 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '07 term at South Carolina.

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Ch18n19Def - P ( A and B ) = P ( A ) P ( B ) Independence...

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