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Chapter Notes/Reviews

# Chapter Notes/Reviews - Review for Final Exam Y o u c a n b...

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Review for Final Exam You can bring 1 index card with formulae (only formulae) Bring a scientific calculator About 1/3 quantitative, 2/3 qualitative Show as much work as possible (partial credit)

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General Comments: Tips on getting the most out of your formula card: Understand what each symbol stands for. Don’t get confused between similar symbols (e.g., g and G). Understand what the formula means physically. You may want to write the formulae in words when you study. Also, understand what plain English words relate to what quantity: e.g. “how fast is the particle moving” --> v =?, “how big is the orbit” ---> r = ? Tips on doing numerical problems: It often helps to draw a diagram and visualize the problem. Understand what is given in the problem, and what is asked Figure out which formula applies (or which combination of formulae). Check your calculation, and check your units if relevant.
Celestial sphere, equator, poles, etc. Equatorial (right ascension, declination) and Horizon (altitude, azimuth) Coordinate Systems Small angle equation, its applications Celestial Navigation

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How apparent positions of objects change with time—daily changes, seasonal changes, and what causes them Changes on long time scales: Precession of earth’s rotation axis
Seasons--what causes them Phases of the Moon Eclipses—what causes them, why they are rare, their significance Keeping track of time—sidereal vs solar day, sidereal vs. synodic month, etc.

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Planetary orbits
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