Personality - Personality Personality Definition Definition...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Personality Definition Definition An individual’s characteristic pattern of An thinking, feeling, and acting. thinking, I. Psychoanalytic Perspective I. A. B. Psychoanalysis (Freud) – Our thoughts and Psychoanalysis actions are derived from unconscious motives. motives. Methods – dream analysis, free association, Methods Freudian slips, case studies Freudian Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic A. Personality arises from conflicts bet Personality aggressive/pleasure seeking impulses and internalized social restraints against them. internalized 1. id – pleasure principle – immediate 1. gratification gratification 2. superego – how on ought to behave 3. ego – reality principle – personality chief Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic A. Personality Development Psychosexual stages – id’s pleasure seeking Psychosexual energies focus on erogenous zones energies 1. Oral stage (0-18 mo) 2. Anal stage (18-36 mo) 3. Phallic stage (3-6 yrs) – Oedipus complex Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic 1. 2. - - Latency (6-puberty) Genital stage (puberty) Maladaptive behavior results from Maladaptive unresolved conflicts – “Fixation” unresolved Defense mechanisms reduce or redirect Defense anxieties (Repression, projection, regression, etc.) etc.) Psychoanalytic Psychoanalytic A. Assessing the Unconscious Projective Tests – involve ambiguous stimuli - TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) - DAPT – Draw a Person Test - Word association, complete the sentence - Rorschach inkblot test II. Trait Perspective II. Personality is based on fundamental traits, Personality people’s characteristic behaviors and conscious motives – description not explanation explanation Trait Perspective Trait BFI – 54 Scoring 1. Factor One – Reverse numbers for items 5, Factor 17, 31, 37, & 47 (1=5, 2=4, 3=3, 4=2, 5=1) 17, Regular scoring for 11, 22, 26, 43 - Emotional Stability Trait Perspective Trait Factor Two – Reverse numbers for 7, 19, 33 Regular scoring for 1, 13, 39, 46, 49, 53 - Extraversion 1. Trait Perspective Trait Factor Three – Reverse scoring for 9, 14, 32, Factor 54 54 Regular scoring: 4, 6, 12, 18, 20, 23, 27, 30, Regular 35, 38, 41, 44, 48, 50 35, - Openness 1. Trait Perspective Trait Factor Four – Reverse scoring for 2, 15, 25, Factor 40 40 Regular scoring: 8, 28, 34, 45, 51 - Agreeableness 1. Trait Perspective Trait 1. • Factor five – Reverse scoring for 10, 21, 29, Factor 52 52 Regular scoring: 3, 16, 24, 36, 42 Conscientiousness Trait Perspective Trait A. 1. 2. 3. Big Five - Stable in adulthood, 50% heritable for each Stable dimension, cross-cultural dimension, Emotional stability – secure vs insecure Extraversion – sociable vs retiring Openness – independent vs conforming Trait Perspective Trait Agreeableness – trusting vs suspicious 2. Conscientiousness – organized vs Conscientiousness disorganized disorganized B. MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality B. Inventory) – Assesses abnormal personality traits (ie depression, hysteria, psychopathic deviancy, paranoia, schizophrenia, etc.) 1. III. Humanistic Perspective III. - Focuses on the strivings of healthy people for self-determination and self-realization self-determination - Maslow and Carl Rogers – people are Maslow basically good and want to self-actualize basically - Carl Rogers - person centered therapy Humanistic Humanistic - Need to provide an environment that promotes growth (genuineness, acceptance, and empathy) empathy) - Acceptance (unconditional positive regard) - Self-concept (Who am I?) – help others to Self-concept know, accept, and be true to themselves know, - Ideal vs Actual self IV. Social Cognitive Perspective IV. Bandura – Behavior is influenced by the Bandura interaction bet persons (and their thinking) and their social context their How we and the environment interact helps How shape our personalities (reciprocal determinism) determinism) Learned helplessness vs personal control ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PYSC 101 taught by Professor Baylis during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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