Impact of Disabilities-3

Impact of Disabilities-3 - What do people with disabilities...

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Unformatted text preview: What do people with disabilities say about their community involvement? (cont) (cont) • Participation in activities • Consistently lower in participation in cultural events, Consistently service organizations, local politics, and religious services services • Spend less time away from home • 5.7 hours/day (compared to 8.5) • 5 hours /day for more severe disabilities hours • Satisfaction with community participation • Just under one half report dissatisfaction with their Just experiences (compared to one third) experiences National Organization on Disability Harris Survey of Community Participation 2000, 2004 What do people with disabilities say about their community involvement? (cont) (cont) • Being informed about community Being organizations that provide assistance – – Equally informed People with more severe disabilities are better People informed than people with less severe disabilities disabilities • Opportunities to volunteer or “give back” – 53 % report being informed (compared to 44%) National Organization on Disability Harris Survey of Community Participation – Higher percentages2000 people with more of Higher What do people with disabilities say about their community involvement? (cont) (cont) • Reasons for different levels of involvement – 50 – 60% of people with severe disabilities were 50 not encouraged to be involved (compared to 35%) 35%) – Limited time was reported by people with milder Limited disabilities disabilities – Limited time was rarely cited by people with Limited severe disabilities severe National Organization on Disability Harris Survey of Community Participation 2000 What do people with disabilities say about their community involvement? (cont) (cont) • The Internet has dramatically increased The opportunities for community involvement of people with disabilities people • People with disabilities spend twice as much People time online • Almost half of people with disabilities who are Almost online say the Internet has improved their quality of life (compared to 27%) quality • Decreased isolation; feelDisability connected to the more National Organization on Decreased Harris Survey of Community Participation 2000 world Leisure Activities for People with Disabilities People The definition of leisure includes “freedom from” and “freedom to” statements. • Freedom from Freedom – – – – Constraints Constraints Obligations Work Other duties • Freedom to – Do what an individual Do wants to do wants Participation in le isureactivitie can contribute s t o an individual’s fe lings of control and se e lfde rm te ination Hall, 2005 Leisure Activities for People with Disabilities People • Considerations about leisure activities – – Leisure is attached to intrinsic motivation. Most people don’t enjoy activities until they gain skills that Most allow them to participate. allow • Barriers to participation in leisure activities Barriers include include – – – – – Attitudes Inaccessibility Time limits Transportation Finances Hall, 2005 Leisure Activities for People with Disabilities People • Benefits of leisure participation – Often involves physical movement -- Exercise has Often been proven to have many physical/health benefits been – Emotional benefits are also possible • • • • • General happiness and satisfaction Increased self-concept Greater independence, self-confidence, and autonomy Increased leadership and problem solving skills Increased tolerance/ understanding – Social benefits include • More opportunities for socialization • Learning and maintaining social skills Learning Hall, 2005 Leisure Activities for People with Disabilities People • Inclusive Inclusive opportunities attempt to break down barriers by using adaptations and accommodations accommodations • Benefits Segregated vs Inclusive Leisure Activities • Segregated activities Segregated are conducted using modifications. modifications. • Can be a step toward Can inclusion inclusion • Can remain separate – Participants feel like part of Participants the community the Hall, 2005 – Motivation is higher. ...
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