McMahon_Shaw_2005 - Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation 23(2005 137143 IOS Press 137 Guest Editorial Workplace Discrimination and Disability Brian

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation 23 (2005) 137–143 137 IOS Press Guest Editorial Workplace Discrimination and Disability Brian T. McMahon a and Linda R. Shaw b a Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University, PO Box 980330, Richmond, VA 23298-0330, USA Tel.: +1 804 827 0917; Fax: +1 804 828 1321; E-mail: [email protected] b University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA 1. Introduction The genesis of this special issue is derived from one aspect of our own careers. Over the past 15 years we have collectively provided over 250 days of training to over 15,000 employers, rehabilitation professionals, and consumers regarding the effective implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Like any busy consultants, we fielded scores of questions and collected a fair amount of evaluative information regarding the content. Again and again the same con- cern was expressed. Consumer: What does this mean for people with my particular impairment? Employer: What does this mean for my particular industry? Both: Are there specific types of discrimination which I am more likely to encounter? Beginning in 1992, our ef- fortsweregraduallyredirectedfromtrainingtoresearch in order to provide better answers to these worthwhile and important questions [7,8,10–13]. ADA employment provisions, known as Title I, are unique as civil rights statutes go. Their character is anti-discrimination, not affirmative action. Their im- mediate purpose is to combat and minimize workplace discrimination against Americans with disabilities. In simple terms, ADA Title I requires that all personnel actions be unrelated to the existence or consequence of disability. Even 15 years after the enactment date of ADA, the labor force participation rate by people with disabilities continues to languish around 30%, well under the 81% figure for the general population of working age adults. A variety of well documented factors contribute to this problem including financial disincentives to work, the uneven availability of employer-sponsored healthcare, an unstable economy, the outsourcing of jobs, the un- even performance of our special education system, and fluctuation in the rate of unemployment. Moreover, in spite of new technologies, disability does affect abil- ity and compromises both the employability and place ability of many Americans [5,6,16,17]. In 2003, a cooperative agreement was forged be- tween the Equal Employment Opportunity Commis- sion (EEOC) and Virginia Commonwealth University which resulted in the inception of the National EEOC ADA Research Project (Project). Over 50 rehabili- tation researchers are engaged in an exhaustive data- mining effort focused upon the Integrated Mission Sys- tem (IMS) – a master database used by the EEOC to track the filing, investigation, and resolution of allega- tions of workplace discrimination. Some Project in- vestigators are exploring the interface of disability with gender, age, or ethnic status. Others are validating (or
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course EEX 2000 taught by Professor Elizabethfilippi during the Spring '11 term at University of Florida.

Page1 / 8

McMahon_Shaw_2005 - Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation 23(2005 137143 IOS Press 137 Guest Editorial Workplace Discrimination and Disability Brian

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online