Nov._16_-_Handout - 11/7/09
 Impact
of
Disabili4es
...

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Unformatted text preview: 11/7/09
 Impact
of
Disabili4es
 Workplace
 November
16,
2009
 Disabili4es
and
Workplace
Discrimina4on
 •  Discrimina4on
differs
with
various
types
of
 disabili4es.
 •  Discriminatory
policies
and
prac4ces
can
 result
in
legal
ac4on
under
ADA.
 Claims
of
discrimina4on
relate
to…
 Most claims filed rela  job renon, not acquision. •  Discharge
(Firing)
 •  Construc4ve
discharge
 (Forced
to
quit)
 •  Reasonable
 accommoda4ons
 •  Terms
/
condi4ons
of
 employment
 •  Hiring
prac4ces
 •  Discipline
 •  Harassment/
In4mida4on
 •  Promo4on
/
Demo4on
/
 Layoff
 •  Wages
 •  Reinstatement
 •  Training
 •  Prohibited
medical
inquiry
 •  Involuntary
re4rement
 •  Training
 •  Job
classifica4on
 1
 11/7/09
 Cerebral
Palsy
and
the
Workplace
 •  Reasons
people
with
CP
 •  Reasons
cited
by
 cited
for
not
working
 employers
for
not
hiring
 people
with
CP
 –  Lack
of
informa4on
 about
jobs
or
their
 availability
 –  Lack
of
training
 –  Lack
of
transporta4on
 –  Disincen4ve
(lose
 Medicaid
or
insurance)
 –  Lack
of
experience
of
 training
 –  Lack
of
knowledge
of
 accommoda4ons
 –  Perceived
costs
of
 accommoda4ons,
 training,
etc.
 Cerebral
Palsy
and
the
Workplace
 •  Barriers
to
employment
 –  Physical
endurance
 –  Inadequate
technology
available
 –  Personal
care
/
support
services
 Cerebral
Palsy
and
the
Workplace
 •  Most
common
 allega4ons
relate
to
 –  Hiring
 –  Promo4on
 –  Construc4ve
discharge
 •  Types
of
industries
 involved
 –  More
allega4ons
against
 •  Retail
 •  Service
industries
(This
 could
relate
to
 communica2on
concerns
 OR
aesthe2cs.)
 •  Fewer
allega4ons
 regarding
 –  Discharge
 –  Reinstatement
 –  Involuntary
re4rement
 –  Fewer
allega4ons
against
 •  Manufacturing
 •  Construc4on
 •  Agriculture
 2
 11/7/09
 Spinal
Cord
Injury
and
the
Workplace
 •  Less
research
specific
to
 •  Fewer
allega4ons
 employment
 regarding
 discrimina4on
related
 –  Discharge
 to
SCI
than
other
areas
 –  Reasonable
 accommoda4ons
 •  Generally,
complainants
 –  Harassment
 are
younger
 –  In4mida4on
 •  Most
common
 –  Discipline
 allega4ons
relate
to

 •  Respondents
are
more
 –  Hiring
 likely
to
accept
 –  Promo4on
 remedies
posed.
 –  Reinstatement
 Spinal
Cord
Injury
and
the
Workplace
 •  Some
differences
in
pre‐
and
post‐injury
 employment
for
individuals
in
service
jobs
 –  Many
did
not
return
to
their
jobs
a]er
being
 injured
 •  Types
of
industries
involved
 –  Services
 –  Public
administra4on
 Mul4ple
Sclerosis
and
the
Workplace
 •  Time
of
onset
effects
sta4s4cs
 –  Diagnosis
usually
in
30’s
–
40’s
 •  Most
people
with
MS
have
employment
 histories
 –  Unemployment
follows
diagnosis
 •  Expected
that
difficul4es
on
the
job
would
 develop
as
condi4on
progresses.
 –  Many
cite
having
to
leave
work
prematurely.
 3
 11/7/09
 Mul4ple
Sclerosis
and
the
Workplace
 •  Most
common
 allega4ons
relate
to
 –  Reasonable
 accommoda4ons
 –  Unfair
Pay
 –  Terms
/
condi4ons
of
 employment
 –  Demo4on
 •  Types
of
industries

 –  More
allega4ons
against
 •  Service
industries
   Financial
/
insurance
/
 Real
Estate
 –  Fewer
allega4ons
against
 •  •  •  •  Agriculture
 Construc4on
 Manufacturing
 Retail
 •  Less
common
 allega4ons
 –  Hiring
 Communica4on
Disabili4es
and
 
the
Workplace
 •  Communica4on
is
o]en
a
primary
concern
for
 employment
 –  Job
adver4sements
/
descrip4ons
o]en
list
food
 communica4on
as
a
necessary
skill
 •  Nega4ve
percep4ons
o]en
accompany
speech
 disabili4es.
 •  Speech
impairments
can
include
 –  Ar4cula4on
(unintelligible
speech)
 –  Voice
disorders
 –  Fluency
of
speech
(stueering)
 –  Language
disorders
 Communica4on
Disabili4es
and
the
 Workplace
 •  Stueering
gets
the
most
aeen4on.
 –  Employers
report
stueering
decreases
employability
 and
promo4on
 –  People
are
perceived
as
 •  •  •  •  •  Nervous
 Shy

 Self‐conscious
 Tense
 Fearful
 –  More
severe
condi4ons
requiring
AT
devices
correlate
 with
much
higher
levels
of
unemployment
 4
 11/7/09
 Communica4on
Disabili4es
and
the
 Workplace
 •  Most
common
 allega4ons
relate
to

 –  Hiring
 –  Discharge
 –  Harassment
 –  Terms
/
Condi4ons
of
 employment
 –  Reasonable
 accommoda4ons
 •  Types
of
industries
 involved
 –  Services
 –  Retail
 –  Manufacturing
 –  Public
administra4on
 –  Transporta4on
 Hearing
Impairments
and
the
Workplace
 •  Types
of
employment
compared

to
non‐disabled
 popula4on
 –  Fewer
employed
in
 •  Managerial,
professional/paraprofessional,
or
technical
 posi4ons
(18.6%
vs
27.9)
 •  Sales
and
related
posi4ons
(6.8%
vs
11.9%)
 –  More
employed
in
 •  Produc4on
/
construc4on
related
jobs
(29.4%
vs
25.6
%)
 •  Service
(23.7%
vs
16.0%)
 •  Clerical
and
administra4ve
support
(19.5%
vs
17.4%)
 Vision
Impairments
and
the
Workplace
 •  History
of
employment
opportuni4es
 –  Early
20th
century
 •  Home
industries
 –  Arts
/
cra]s
 •  Segregated
industrial
seings
established
for
blind
workers
 •  Individually
established
workshops
for
blind
workers
 –  Broom
and
mop
making
 –  Chair
caning
 –  Kniing
 •  Most
aeen4on
related
to
narrow
economic
opportuni4es
 •  Liele
aeen4on
was
given
to
skill
development,
 advancement,
or
individuals’
interests
abili4es
 5
 11/7/09
 Vision
Impairments
and
the
Workplace
 •  “Geing
a
Job
for
the
Blind”
(1923)
 –  “Occupa4on(s)
for
the
blind
in
compe44ve
 industry
is
prac4cally
a
new
venture.

Finding
a
job
 for

a
man
is
but
a
small
part
of
the
placement
 problem.

Ambi4ous
young
blind
persons
should
 never
be
placed
in
posi4ons
with
the
 understanding
that
hey
must
remain
there
for
the
 rest
of
their
lives.”
 •  This
remains
a
concern
today.
 Vision
Impairments
and
the
Workplace
 •  Barriers
to
employment
cited
by
people
with
 vision
impairments
 –  Visual
impairment
in
general
 –  Lack
of
skills
or
experience
 –  Health
or
other
disabili4es
 –  Difficulty
geing
around
 –  Employers
not
learning
about
their
disability
 Vision
Impairments
and
the
Workplace
 •  Most
common
allega4ons
 •  Types
of
industries
 involved
 –  Discharge
 –  Reasonable
 accommoda4ons
 –  Harassment
 –  Terms
/
condi4ons
of
 employment –  –  –  –  Services
 Manufacturing
 Public
administra4on
 transporta4on
 •  Fewer
allega4ons
 regarding
 –  –  –  –  Benefits
 Involuntary
re4rement
 Reinstatement
 Training
 6
 ...
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