Oct._26_-_PPT_Handout - Impact of Disabili5es Community...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 10/26/09 Impact of Disabili5es Community Week of October 26, 2009 Community: Leisure & Recrea5on •  People with disabili5es are less involved in ac5vi5es outside their homes. –  Ea5ng out and shopping– 40% compared to 59% –  Movies – 22% compared to 48% •  Physical access issues oRen the biggest barrier to recrea5on and leisure ac5vi5es. Community: Leisure & Recrea5on •  Accessing ac5vi5es themselves can require modifying the ac5vity. –  Motorcycle –  Golf –  Hockey •  How could other leisure ac5vi5es that modified? 1 10/26/09 Community: Ci5zenship •  All ci5zens have the right to par5cipate in the governmental process. –  The presence of a disability does not negate this right. Community: Ci5zenship •  Inaccessibility of court facili5es prevents people with disabili5es from accessing the courts as li5gants. •  People with physical and sensory disabili5es have been excluded from jury service. •  People with cogni5ve and emo5onal disabili5es have been prohibited from vo5ng. –  Individuals must be presumed competent. People with Disabili5es and Vo5ng •  People with disabili5es have been •  10% less likely to register to vote. •  20% less likely to vote. •  Compared to non‐disabled voters •  64% of people without disabili5es voted •  57% of people with disabili5es voted •  3.8 million in the 2000 presiden5al elec5on •  14.7 million in the 2008 presiden5al elec5on –  15.9 million African‐American voters –  9.7 million Hispanic voters •  The number of voters with disabili5es is increasing •  Compared to other minority groups hap://specialneeds08.blogspot.com/2009/06/vo5ng‐up‐among‐people‐with.html hap://www.disabilityscoop.com/2009/06/29/disabili5es‐vote/3893/ 2 10/26/09 People with Disabili5es and Vo5ng •  Barriers to vo5ng • Inaccessible polling places • As low as 27% of polling places within a state • Difficulty with vo5ng materials • About one third of vo5ng systems use punch cards • Almost one fiRh use lever systems • Lack of private vo5ng booths • Make‐shiR vo5ng tables • Assistance is not offered privately • Uninformed poll workers People with Disabili5es and Vo5ng •  Examples of discrimina5on –  Said to a deaf voter: “You have to be able to use your voice” to vote. –  Said to a person with CP: “Is that person competent? Look at that signature.” –  A blind woman was refused instruc5on on opera5ng a vo5ng machine. People with Disabili5es and Vo5ng •  2002: The Federal Elec5on Commission said vo5ng systems must be accessible to people with disabili5es. •  Efforts toward accessibility: –  Large print and Braille materials –  Easy to use ballot markers –  “Curbside Vo5ng” –  Assistance while vo5ng. 3 10/26/09 People with Disabili5es and Vo5ng •  Compared to non‐disabled voters Vors in e 2008 Presidenal elecon •  64% of people without disabili5es voted •  57% of people with disabili5es voted •  Compared to other minority groups –  15.9 million African‐American voters –  9.7 million Hispanic voters •  The number of voters with disabili5es is increasing •  3.8 million in the 2000 presiden5al elec5on •  14.7 million in the 2008 presiden5al elec5on hap://specialneeds08.blogspot.com/2009/06/vo5ng‐up‐among‐people‐with.html hap://www.disabilityscoop.com/2009/06/29/disabili5es‐vote/3893/ People with Disabili5es and Vo5ng •  PSA on vo5ng • hap://www.govoter.org/ •  Voices of voters with disabili5es • hap://www.govoter.org/DocumentsTraining/ DocumentsVideo/tabid/73/Default.aspx What about voters with ID? •  People with ID are not automa5cally excluded from vo5ng. •  Concerns for voters with ID include –  Competence requirements –  Photo ID requirements –  Challenges –  Assistance with vo5ng hap://www.bazelon.org/issues/vo5ng/ 4 10/26/09 Concerns about Competence Requirements •  Basic vo5ng requirements include –  US ci5zenship –  Residence in the state where you vote –  Age 18 or over –  No felony convic5ons within a specific 5meframe –  Non‐disabled ci5zens are not required to •  Demonstrate proof of competence •  Provide ra5onale for their vo5ng decisions •  Individuals with ID are held to a higher standard. •  A suggested standard for voter competence is that the person is able to communicate—with or without accommoda5on—a choice to cast a vote. Concerns about Competence Requirements •  States that choose to have competence requirements –  Cannot make the standard so broad that it excludes en5re classes of people (e.g. people under guardianship; individuals with ID) –  Must apply the requirement to all voters. They cannot target specific groups. –  Incompetence generally means an individual is unable to aaend to their own basic needs (e.g. food, clothing, shelter) •  Incompetence must be determined by courts. •  Challenging a voter’s competence can be done under limited circumstances. (Many states do not provide for challenges.) •  Individuals with ID have the right to assistance to vote. They may choose the person who provides assistance. Competence Addressed in State Law •  FiReen states and the District of Columbia have laws preven5ng people under guardianship or determined to be “mentally incompetent” or “mentally incapacitated” from vo5ng. •  Twenty states prevent vo5ng for people determined to lack the capacity specifically to vote. •  Nine states s5ll prevent people with disabili5es— described in the law as “idiots” and “insane persons”—from vo5ng. •  Eleven states don’t have disability‐related vo5ng restric5ons. 5 10/26/09 Concerns about Competence Requirements •  Elec5on officials some5mes impose their own requirements for competence. –  Requiring residents of ins5tu5ons to take tests to prove competence. –  Refusing residents the right to register and vote. •  Examples: –  In New Jersey, separated ballots submiaed by residents in a psychiatric hospital and refused to count them unless the residents could prove their competence. –  In Virginia, psychiatric hospital residents were refused absentee ballots when an elec5on official interpreted “disability” as limited to physical disabili5es. Concerns about Competence Requirements •  Poll workers have refused to let people with ID vote. •  Service providers in residen5al or other facili5es have imposed their own standards of competence on people with ID. –  In Pennsylvania, nursing home staff required residents to answer ques5ons about the vo5ng process, names of candidates, current office holders, and vo5ng procedures even though PA law has no competence requirement. –  In California, a Veterans Affairs nursing home did not allow volunteers to provide informa5on and registra5on assistance to residents sta5ng they were “too demented to vote.” –  In Ohio, a nursing home resident was not allowed to register because his physical disability required him to sign with an “X” rather than a full signature. Concerns about Photo‐Iden5fica5on Laws •  There can be barriers to gesng required photo iden5fica5on. –  Financial burdens can be related to •  Fees required for documenta5on needed to get the item (e.g. birth cer5ficates, etc.) –  Prac5cal problems include •  Being able to get find informa5on about requirements •  Being able to get to appropriate loca5ons 6 10/26/09 Concerns about Voter Challenges •  Some states allow an individual’s right to vote to be challenged. •  Challenges on the basis of disability are not allowed in many states. •  Challenges based upon ques5ons of competence oRen require the “challenger” to have specific knowledge of the “challengee” as well as documenta5on to support the challenge. Concerns about Voter Assistance •  Assistance for those who need help vo5ng is a right. •  The person needing assistance can choose who will provide the help they need. –  Typically, this is a rela5ve, friend, caregiver, or poll worker, but it could be someone else. –  Assistance CANNOT be provided the person’s employer, an agent of the employer, or—in the case of union members—a representa5ve of the union. Concerns about Voter Assistance •  People offering assistance may –  Explain instruc5ons –  Demonstrate how to vote –  Read the ballot and/or explain choices on the ballot –  Accompany the voter in the vo5ng booth •  Vo5ng assistants should –  Be careful to respect the voter’s privacy. –  Confirm with the voter that the ballot being submiaed accurately reflects the voter’s choices. 7 10/26/09 Concerns about Voter Assistance •  Staff in residen5al facili5es should –  Ask residents if they want to register and vote. –  Provide informa5on about voter registra5on and change of address for already‐registered voters. –  Provide assistance obtaining and submisng absentee ballots •  “Motor Voter” provisions require many public agencies to provide registra5on forms, assist clients with disabili5es in comple5ng the forms, and submit the forms to proper officials. Concerns about Voter Assistance •  Concerns about voter fraud related to assisted vo5ng include: –  Votes reflect choices of the assistant rather that the voter. –  Persons with disabili5es could be coerced to cast certain votes. –  Falsified absentee ballots when large numbers of ballots are submiaed for residen5al facili5es. Poli5cal Ac5vism and People with Disabili5es •  People with disabili5es are becoming more poli5cally ac5ve. –  People with all types of disabili5es are more integrated into communi5es. –  Public awareness of disabili5es has increased. •  Studies show a posi5ve correla5on between social ac5vity and poli5cal ac5vity for people with disabili5es. –  People involved in disability‐related support groups are more likely to be involved in poli5cs. •  Establishing a group iden5fy has drawn more people with disabili5es into poli5cal ac5vism. hap://mentalhealth.about.com/library/sci/0901/bldisable901.htm 8 10/26/09 Next Week •  Applica5on Ac5vity 2 9 ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online