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PG_Y+Fall+2010-science+of+fragrance

PG_Y+Fall+2010-science+of+fragrance - The Science of...

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The Science of Fragrance Dr. David Clark
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Fragrance 101 History Fragrance 101 - History Fl l t h b d i Floral scent has been used in many ways Ancient Egyptians (2500 B C ) Ancient Egyptians (2500 B.C.) – sacred rituals & religion Floral arrangements: – Lend pleasant aromas to social gatherings – Mask the odor of the crowd
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Fragrance 101 - History • Romans Romans – Flora – goddess of flowers – Honored at Floralia – Made the first wreaths and garlands – Grew roses by the acres for perfume – Threw rose petals at brides • Greeks – Khloris – means green
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Fragrance 101 - History Fragrance 101 History Europe after dark ages (11 th C.) Flowers allowed for use in church ceremonies –Gardens of Nobles Gardens of Nobles Central Europe (12 th C.) Garlands & arrangements given as i prizes Renaissance (13-16 th C.) Resurgence in art and creativity Global exploration & collection of plants Spice Trade
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Fragrance 101 - History Industrial – Victorian Era • Industrial Victorian Era – By hand at home By machine at factory – Inventions $$$ – The emergence of women (as consumers too) – Start the perfume industry Start the perfume industry – simple chemicals
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Fragrance 101 - History • Modern – Growth of the Fragrance and Flavor Industries – Pop Culture & Art – Fragrance ‘lost’ in plants – Fragrance lost in plants
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What is fragrance? Pleasant smelling aroma compounds Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC’s) – Essential oils – Perfumes – Household products Flowers VOC’s must be sensed by olfactory receptors in the nose
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Why is fragrance important to us?
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