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Unformatted text preview: Module 1 --- Article 2 TREATMENT HIGHLIGHTS APPEARANCE VERSUS HEALTH AS MOTIVATION FOR DIETING The dieting behavior of women who diet for appearance reasons is found to differ from that of women who diet out of concern for health. This study investigated whether dieting primarily for health reasons differs from dieting primarily for appearance reasons in terms of psychological and behavioral consequences. 110 female dieters attending college and 96 female dieters from the community completed questionnaires assessing various eating behaviors (eg, restraint, overeating), dieting strategies (eg, caloric restriction, healthier eating), psychological variables (eg, self- esteem, body dissatisfaction), and motivation for dieting. Compared to those dieting for health reasons, participants dieting for appearance reasons were more likely to have episodes of overeating (eg, failure to adhere to their diet) and to engage in unhealthy dieting practices (eg, skipping meals, excluding an entire food group, purging). Compared to those dieting for health reasons, participants dieting for appearance reasons were, on average, younger, had lower self-esteem, and had greater body dissatisfaction. Participants dieting for appearance reasons were more likely to report that their parents dieted and that their families encouraged dieting. It was also found that the more dieters were internally driven (eg, dieting for oneself), the more that caloric restriction and healthy eating strategies were used. The more that dieters were externally driven (eg, dieting at the urging of others), the more likely they were to have periods of overeating and to engage in unhealthy dieting practices. The authors conclude that “the primarily appearance-motivated dieters, especially the younger women, present with a `package’ or cluster of characteristics that contains a pervasive pathological quality (low self-esteem, body dissatisfaction, and a strong desire to change their bodies despite their normal weight). From a therapeutic standpoint, it would make more sense to direct intervention for these individuals toward maladaptive cognitions about body image and body dissatisfaction in lieu of targeting actual dietary habits. This is a group of people for whom attempts at changing appearance should be discouraged.”
Putterman E & Linden W. Appearance versus health: Does the reason for dieting affect dieting behavior? Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 27:185-204, 2004. ©Copyright 2011 MWK Publishing LLC; from The Complete Practitioner: Mental Health Applications (Vol. 7, No. 8 -- August 2004) For next article, go to next page. ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PCO 4930 taught by Professor Neimeyer during the Spring '09 term at University of Florida.
- Spring '09