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Mod2 Art2 - Module 2 Article 2 TREATMENT HIGHLIGHTS WEIGHT...

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Module 2 --- Article 2 ©Copyright 2011 MWK Publishing LLC; from The Complete Practitioner: Mental Health Applications (Vol. 11, No. 8 -- August 2008) For next article, go to next page. TREATMENT HIGHLIGHTS WEIGHT CONTROL Findings suggest that Mediterranean and low-carbohydrate diets may be effective alternatives to low-fat diets. This 2-year study compared the effectiveness and safety of 3 nutritional protocols to achieve weight loss. The study followed 322 adults (86% of whom were men) with an average age of 52. To participate in the study, individuals needed to either (1) be between the ages of 40 and 65 years and overweight or obese, or (2) have diabetes or coronary heart disease, in which case the age and BMI 1 restrictions did not apply. Participants had, on average, a BMI of 31 (moderately obese range). The participants were randomly assigned to follow 1 of 3 diets: (1) Mediter- ranean, restricted-calorie; (2) low-carbohydrate, nonrestricted-calorie; (3) low-fat, restricted-calorie. All participants met in small groups with dieticians for 90-minute sessions in weeks 1, 3, 5, 7, and then every 6 weeks thereafter. Participants who were having difficulty adhering to the diets received motivational telephone calls from a dietician (up to 6 times during the 2-year intervention). In some cases, spouses were instructed on how they could be more
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