Psyc129 Final Exam Review

Psyc129 Final Exam Review - Psyc129 Final Exam Review...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psyc129 Final Exam Review Mischel Frida Khalo, What did she exemplify? Interest in painting and clothing choice was learned from father (photographer) and Mexican culture Situationally variable- affectionate behavior towards close friends and audiences, but abrasive to those who she saw was overly ambitious and shallow What did Mischel focus on (like stability of behaviors) Highly generalized behavioral consistencies have not been demonstrated (except intelligence) Behavior is not determined by general personality traits but is situation specific Behavior depends on the consequences it produces if the same behavior in different situations produces different results, adaptive responses will vary from situation to situation Traits are not causes but merely summary labels they describe but do not explain personality Keeping situational context in mind prevents people from making overgeneralized conclusions Competencies- person variables concerned with what a person is able to do Expectencies- internal subjective expectancies determine performance; beliefs about what will happen in a particular situation o Behavior-outcome expectancy- what will happen if a person behaves in a certain way o Stimulus-outcome expectancy- how events will develop in the world; what events will follow environmental stimuli o Self-efficacy expectancy- subjective beliefs about what a person will be able to do Subjective stimulus value tells us how much an outcome is valued by an individual; varies from person to person depending on person’s goals and values Delay of Gratification - ability to defer present gratification for larger future goals o develops in childhood o delay is more difficult if rewards are visible o ability to control impulses is called ego control o ability to modify one’s behavior according to the demands of the situation is ego resilienc y helps people learn from experience Mischel’s approach emphasizes the adaptational function of personality What terminology did Mischel (and company) refer to that was similar to traits but was not labeled traits
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cognitive person variables - cognitive factors within a person, less global than traits, which influence how an individual adapts to the environment Personal constructs - trait terms that people use to describe themselves and other people Prototype - typical example of an object or type of person; a “fuzzy concept” typical of the categories people use in perceiving others Bandura What did Bandura refer to specifically to a person’s environment and behavior? Reciprocal determinism - the person, the environment, and the behavior all are interacting mutual influences of each other o People have considerable control over their behavior but vary in how effectively they exert this control (ie. Procrastination, self- handicapping) o Fortuitous chance also plays a role in determining life paths o People anticipate the future and adopt goals
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PSYC 129 taught by Professor Danna during the Spring '11 term at GWU.

Page1 / 7

Psyc129 Final Exam Review - Psyc129 Final Exam Review...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online